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Citrullus ecirrhosus

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Cucurbitaceae
Scientific name  Citrullus ecirrhosus
Rank  Species
Order  Cucurbitales
Genus  Citrullus
Higher classification  Citrullus
Citrullus ecirrhosus Citrullus ecirrhosus Wikipedia
Similar  Citrullus, Cucurbits, Citron melon, Cucumeropsis mannii, Cucumis myriocarpus

Citrullus ecirrhosus, commonly known as Namib tsamma, is a species of perennial desert vine in the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family, and a distant relative of the widely consumed watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). It can be found in both Namibia and South Africa, in particular the Namib Desert. It is the sister species to the bitter melon, Citrullus amarus with which it shares hard, white and bitter flesh (Chomicki and Renner, 2015).

Citrullus ecirrhosus Kyffhuser flora Citrullus ecirrhosus

The vines can crawl for up to two meters, and it has yellow flowers. As a desert plant, it is a hardy species, surviving with little water and strong sunlight. The leaves form annual stems which die back each year. The plant relies on water deep in the ground and morning fogs. It is an important source of water for numerous desert fauna. The bitter-tasting fruit it produces are known as tsamma melons.

Citrullus ecirrhosus Photo Guide to Plants of Southern Africa
Citrullus ecirrhosus wwwbihrmanncomcaudiciformsDIFOcitecifrujpg
Citrullus ecirrhosus CAUDICIFORM Citrullus ecirrhosus
Citrullus ecirrhosus Cucurbit Resources in Namibia
Citrullus ecirrhosus CAUDICIFORM Citrullus ecirrhosus

References

Citrullus ecirrhosus Wikipedia


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