Charles Oliver "Charlie" Satterthwaite (1877 – May 1948) was an English football player.
Born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, Satterthwaite played as a youth for local sides Black Diamond and Workington before joining Football League side Bury in 1896, moving to Burton Swifts a year later. A striker known for his powerful shooting, he made enough of a name for himself to be signed by Liverpool in 1899.
He made his Liverpool debut away to Nottingham Forest on 16 December 1899, and scored on his home debut against Glossop North End on 23 December. He continued to play for Liverpool that season, scoring five goals in 18 matches, and scored five in 22 matches the following season as Liverpool won the 1900–01 First Division title. However, after losing his place early in the 1901–02 season, he moved on to New Brompton (later renamed Gillingham) and then Southern League side Thames Ironworks (who later became West Ham United) in the 1903 close season.
After a season at the Irons, scoring 18 goals in 36 matches, Satterthwaite joined Woolwich Arsenal in the summer of 1904, with Arsenal having just been promoted to the First Division. Satterthwaite made his debut in Arsenal's very first top-flight match, away to Newcastle United on 3 September 1904; Arsenal lost 3–0. On 24 September 1904, Satterthwaite scored Arsenal's very first goal in the top flight, in a 2–0 win over Wolves.
Satterthwaite was a first-team regular for Woolwich Arsenal for the next three seasons; although the newly promoted club were unable to challenge for the First Division title, they made a strong showing in the FA Cup, reaching the semi-finals in 1905–06 and 1906–07. Satterthwaite was Arsenal's top scorer in both the 1904–05 and 1906–07 seasons with 11 and 19 goals, respectively. However, his age was catching up with him and between 1907 and 1910 he played fewer first-team matches. Nevertheless, upon his retirement in the summer of 1910 at the age of 33, he had played 141 matches for Arsenal, scoring 48 goals.
He died in 1948, aged 70. His brother, Joe Satterthwaite, also played for Woolwich Arsenal (making them the first pair of brothers to do so), although he was mainly a reserve player, only playing 5 first-class matches.