| Catocala, Red underwing, Catocala fraxini, Ascalapha odorata, Anticarsia gemmatalis|
The Catocalinae are a subfamily of noctuoid moths, placed in family Noctuidae. In the alternative arrangement, where the Noctuidae are reduced to the core group around the Noctuinae, the present lineage is abolished, the upranked Catocalini being merged with the Erebini and becoming a subfamily of the reestablished family Erebidae.
Many of the species are large (7 to 10 cm, 2.8 to 3.9 in) compared to other noctuids in temperate zones, and have brightly colored backwings.
The closely related Ophiderinae and Calpinae are sometimes merged into this group.
The Catocalinae genera are usually assigned to the tribes Tytini, Armadini and Erebini, which have a fairly small number of genera, and the much larger Catocalini. The Poaphilini are another proposed tribe around the genus Argyrostrotis (= Poaphila), but is here considered to be paraphyletic. In addition, a high proportion of genera is not at present assigned to a specific tribe as their relationships require further study. These genera incertae sedis are:
In addition, some little-known noctuoid moth species which differ somewhat from the bulk of their supposed genera might belong here:Crypsiprora oxymetopa Turner, 1941
Hypoprora tortuosa Turner, 1929
Prorocopis acroleuca Turner, 1929
Raparna trigramma Turner, 1906
Sophta aeluropis Meyrick, 1902
Placement of Xenogenes in the Catocalinae is in error; it is a geometer moth, family Geometridae.