Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Catherine of Brunswick Wolfenbüttel, Duchess of Saxe Lauenburg

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Mother  Catherine of Pomerania

Role  Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg
Tenure  20 November 1509 – 1 August 1543
Issue  Francis I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg Dorothea, Queen of Denmark and Norway Catherine, Queen of Sweden Clara, Duchess of Brunswick-Gifhorn Sophie, Countess of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst Ursula, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Scherwin
House  House of Welf (by birth) House of Ascania (by marriage)
Father  Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Name  Catherine Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel,
Died  June 29, 1563, Amt Neuhaus, Germany
Spouse  Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (m. 1509–1543)
Children  Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg
Parents  Catherine of Pomerania, Duchess of Brunswick-Luneburg, Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Grandchildren  Eric XIV of Sweden, Frederick II of Denmark
Similar People  Catherine of Saxe‑Lauenburg, Erik Johansson Vasa, Christian III of Denmark, Eric XIV of Sweden, Frederick II of Denmark

Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1488 – 29 June 1563, Neuhaus upon Elbe) was a member of the house of Welf and a Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg.



Catherine was a daughter of the Duke Henry IV of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1463–1514) from his marriage to Catherine of Pomerania (1465–1526), daughter of the Duke Erich II of Pomerania.

She married on 20 November 1509 in Wolfenbüttel Duke Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg (1470–1543). Her father summoned the Parliament in 1509 to collect a lady tax, because he found himself unable to pay the dowry alone. Only after long negotiations, did the Parliament grant three rounds of real estate tax, to generate for money for a dowry and jewels for the princess.

Catherine was a strict Catholic with close ties to her relative in Brunswick kin. This induced Gustav I of Sweden, to marry her daughter, in an attempt to the Catholic German princes from supporting of King Christian II of Denmark.

At the marriage of her eldest son, she entered into negotiations with his later mother-in-law Catherine of Mecklenburg, without the knowledge and to the detriment of the Wettin family head John Frederick of Saxony.


From her marriage, Catherine had the following children:

  • Francis I (1510–1581), Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
  • married in 1540 Sibylle of Saxony (1515–1592)
  • Dorothea (1511–1571)
  • married in 1525 King Christian III of Denmark and Norway (1503–1559)
  • Catherine (1513–1535)
  • married in 1531 King Gustav I Vasa of Sweden (1496–1560)
  • Clara (1518–1576)
  • married in 1547 Duke Francis of Braunschweig-Gifhorn (1508–1549)
  • Sophie of Saxe-Lauenburg (1521–1571)
  • married in 1537 Anthony I, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst (1505–1573)
  • Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg (1523–1577)
  • married in 1551 Duke Heinrich V of Mecklenburg (1479–1552)

    Royal descendants

  • The current reigning monarchs Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, King Juan Carlos I of Spain, King Harald V of Norway, Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Albert II of Belgium and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg are all her direct-line descendants.
  • References

    Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg Wikipedia