Puneet Varma (Editor)

Catalan parliamentary election, 1992

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15 March 1992  1995 →
19 September 1978  12 July 1983
69 seats, 45.7%  42 seats, 29.8%
Registered  4,839,071 6.0%
12 July 1983  19 November 1989
Catalan parliamentary election, 1992
Turnout  2,655,051 (54.9%) 4.5 pp

The 1992 Catalan parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 15 March 1992, to elect the 4th Parliament of Catalonia, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia. At stake were all 135 seats in the Parliament, determining the President of Catalonia.

Contents

Electoral system

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected in 4 multi-member districts, corresponding to Catalonia's four provinces, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. As the community did not have an electoral law of its own passed into law at the time of the 1992 election, the electoral system came regulated under the community's Statute of Autonomy rules, and subsidiarily, under the Spanish general electoral law (Organic Law 5/1985, of the General Electoral Regime). As a result of the lack of an autonomous electoral law, seats were allocated to districts through specific Laws or Decrees for each election. For the 1992 election, seats were distributed as follows: Barcelona (85), Girona (17), Lleida (15) and Tarragona (18).

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 3% of valid votes in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.

Background

After of 12 years of a Convergence and Union government, these elections didn't open up expectations for a possible change in the Catalan Government.

In the past 1988 elections, Convergence and Union reedited the absolute majority.

Parties

  • Convergència i Unió (CiU, Convergence and Union). Presidential candidate: Jordi Pujol. Union of the Catalan nationalist, fiscally liberal Democratic Convergence of Catalonia and the conservative Democratic Union of Catalonia.
  • Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC). Presidential candidate: Raimon Obiols. Social democratic and leftist. The PSC are affiliated to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
  • Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia). Presidential candidate: Àngel Colom i Colom. Catalan republican and independentist, left-wing.
  • People's Party of Catalonia (PPC). Presidential candidate: Alejo Vidal-Quadras Roca. The main party of the centre-right in Spain.
  • Initiative for Catalonia (IC). Presidential candidate: Rafel Ribó. Green (eco-socialist) and leftist.
  • Vote

    Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty.

    Seat projections

    Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

    References

    Catalan parliamentary election, 1992 Wikipedia


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