Carl Schachter is an American music theorist, renowned as arguably the most influential Schenkerian analyst since Schenker himself. He studied with Felix Salzer, who was later co-author with Schachter of the influential text Counterpoint in Composition. He received the B.S., from the Mannes College of Music; M.A., New York University (musicology); D.M., Mannes College of Music. He studied piano with Sara Levee, Isabelle Vengerova, and Israel Citkowitz and conducting with Carl Bamberger. Among Schachter's many renowned students are Murray Perahia, Richard Goode, Frederica von Stade, Israeli pianist/composer Rami Bar-Niv, Myun Whun Chung, and the late Edward Aldwell (who was co-author with Schachter of another influential text, Harmony and Voice Leading).
Schachter has held visiting professorships at Hunter College, Binghamton University, Harvard University, École Normale Superieure de Jeunes Filles (Paris). He was Professor of Music at Queens College and the CUNY Graduate School, 1972–1993 where he held the position of Distinguished Professor of Music, 1993–1996.
He has served on the faculty of the Juilliard School since 1998, but has long been associated with the Mannes College of Music where he has been affiliated with the Techniques of Music faculty since 1956; Chairman of Theory Department, 1958–1962; Dean of Mannes, 1962–1966; Chairman of Techniques of Music Department 1966–1973.