Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Cuba, however it is seldom used. The last executions were in 2003. National legislation provides for death penalty for murder, threatening to commit murder, aggravated rape, terrorism, hijacking, piracy, drug trafficking and manufacturing, espionage, and treason are examples of offences meriting the criminal death penalty. The typical method is execution by firing squad.
The 1940 Constitution of Cuba banned capital punishment for peacetime offenses, but the penalty was officially reinstated by law as well as in practice following the Cuban Revolution, in 1959. Sources suggest many more have been executed since 1959, compared to official statistics. The last sentences were commuted in December 2010.
The last recorded executions were on April 11, 2003, The case concerned three men who were found guilty of having hijacked a Regla ferry. The hijack occurred on April 4 2003; during the incident, the plaintiffs were alleged to have threatened to kill passengers, demanding sufficient fuel to travel to the United States.
In 2010, the sentences of all remaining death row inmates in Cuba were commuted. To date, no further death sentences have been handed out.