Campo is a census-designated place (CDP) located in the Mountain Empire area of southeastern San Diego County, California. The population was 2,684 at the 2010 census.
This article also describes the smaller community of Cameron Corners, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south and the village of Lake Morena which is the northern part of Campo. Both communities use postal addresses in Campo. The town is approximately 2,620 feet (798.6 m) above mean sea level.
Nearby towns include Boulevard, Potrero, Tecate, Dulzura, Jacumba, Pine Valley, Mount Laguna, Descanso, and Jamul.
The ZIP Code is 91906 and the community is inside area code 619.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 23.5 square miles (60.7 km²), 99.97% of it land, and 0.03% of it water.
It is 40 miles (64 km) east of San Diego, California.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Campo has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Campo had a population of 2,684. The population density was 114.3 people per square mile (44.1/km²). The racial makeup of Campo was 2,083 (77.6%) White, 794 (29.6%) Latino, 114 (4.2%) African American, 90 (3.4%) Native American, 31 (1.2%) Asian, 6 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 248 (9.2%) from other races, and 112 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 794 persons (29.6%).
The Census reported that 2,499 people (93.1% of the population) lived in households, 50 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 135 (5.0%) were institutionalized.
There were 901 households, out of which 334 (37.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 491 (54.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 80 (8.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 58 (6.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 67 (7.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 199 households (22.1%) were made up of individuals and 80 (8.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77. There were 629 families (69.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.27.
The population was spread out with 811 people (30.2%) under the age of 18, 182 people (6.8%) aged 18 to 24, 676 people (25.2%) aged 25 to 44, 727 people (27.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 288 people (10.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 119.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.0 males.
There were 1,105 housing units at an average density of 47.0 per square mile (18.2/km²), of which 675 (74.9%) were owner-occupied, and 226 (25.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 13.4%. 1,806 people (67.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 693 people (25.8%) lived in rental housing units.
Campo is the home of three museums: The Pacific Southwest Railway Museum, the Motor Transport Museum and the Gaskill Brothers Stone Store.
31577 State Route 94: a CDF fire station is located here. The 1998 Cameron Corners, California 7.5-minute quadrangle plots the station near Dewey Place and SR98. A Southern California Automobile Association map, believed to be c. 1910-1930, shows a business named "Dewey Store" in Cameron Corners. The business is plotted on the north side of SR98 just east of County Road S1. This may be a variant name of Dewey Place.
There is a county road maintenance station on Forrest Gate Road and a county fire station at Jeb Stewart Road and Parker Road.
Large employers in the area include US Department of Homeland Security Border Patrol and the San Diego County, California Probation, Juvenile Ranch Facility, (population 250).
According to a September 9, 2004 San Diego Union Tribune article, foster care activist Father Joe Carroll proposed building a foster camp for children here. The proposed name was, "Promiseland Ranch," and the proposed facility would encompass about 600 acres (2.4 km2). Although the project was approved by the Board of Supervisors in 2008, it has since been abandoned for lack of funds.
Campo is near the official southern terminus of the Pacific Crest Trail, a recreational hiking and equestrian trail extending 2,650 miles (4,260 km) north to the Canada–US border.
During World War II, Campo was the location of Camp Lockett, a US Army post that hosted Buffalo Soldiers, a veterans convalescent hospital, and a 300 bed Italian POW camp in Cameron Corners. Presently, the United States Military continues to maintain activities nearby at La Posta Mountain Warfare Training Facility.
An unnamed private air strip is 4.2 miles (6.76 km) at 332 degrees off true north at 32°39′35″N 116°30′08″W. The name of the field is not listed in the National Geographic Names Data Base or U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Location Identifiers (7350.7U) dated 09/01/2005 (2005-09-01). On the topographic map, it measures about 0.6 miles (966 m) in length and runs almost due north-south at the intersection of Lake Morena Dr. and Hauser Creek Rd.
The town is along the line of the former Southern Pacific (originally San Diego and Arizona Railway. Freight operations are currently embargoed (not offered) by the Carrizo Gorge Railway, currently the Pacific Imperial Railroad), while passenger operations are operated by the Pacific Southwest Railway Museum. The Railroad Museum shows an address of 750 Depot Street and is located near (NAD83) 32°36′50″N 116°28′19″W.
There are at least two tribal areas included in the nearby Campo Indian Reservation. One is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) due north of Campo and adjoining Cameron Corners. A point inside the reservation is (NAD83) 32°38′28″N 116°28′16″W) and the area is roughly 1-mile (1.6 km) on each side. The reservation government is the Campo Band of Mission Indians. Another tribal area is about seven miles (11 km) east along State Route 94 in the Campo Valley. It extends nine miles (14 km) to the north and beyond Interstate 8. The eastern portion of the reservation is about 4.75 miles (7.64 km) in an east-west dimension and includes the community of Live Oak Springs. The tribal government has been reported in the news media to provide wireless Internet service to members over a cooperative tribal government microwave backbone from Pala.
31360 State Route 94: federal records report three schools in Campo. The schools are:Rancho Del Campo High School - Juvenile Ranch (Detention) Facility (9-12)
Campo Elementary School (K-8)
Campo Continuation (at the old Campo Elementary School)
Hillside Alternative Junior/Senior High (7-12)
Cottonwood Community Day (7-12)
Mountain Empire Junior/Senior High (7-12)
About 1.3 miles (2.1 km) north in Cameron Corners, Campo Elementary (K-6) is located at 1654 Buckman Springs Rd. This is considered in Campo for postal addresses.Pacific Southwest Railway Museum