Buckingham Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 20,075 at the 2010 census. Buckingham takes its name from Buckingham in Buckinghamshire, England. Buckingham Township was once known as Greenville and was once the historic county seat of the English Bucks County.
In Buckingham and the Buckingham area, there are many important yet little known historical landmarks. One is Bogarts Tavern (now the General Greene Inn), on the corner of Route 413 (Durham Road) and Route 263 (Old York Road). It was from this building that General Nathanael Greene, commander of George Washington's left wing during the Battle of Trenton, made his headquarters during the winter of 1776.
The Buckingham Friends Meeting House, Byecroft Farm Complex, Forest Grove Historic District, Thomas and Lydia Gilbert Farm, Holicong Village Historic District, Longland, Mechanicsville Village Historic District, Spring Valley Historic District, and Wycombe Village Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Buckingham Friends Meeting House is also designated a National Historic Landmark District.
Mount Gilead A.M.E. Church was a station on the Underground Railroad.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.1 square miles (86 km2), of which, 33.1 square miles (86 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.06%) is water. It is drained by the Delaware River and its villages include Bridge Valley, Buckingham, Buckingham Valley, Forest Grove, Furlong (also in Doylestown Township,) Highton (also in Solebury Township,) Holicong, Lahaska (also in Solebury Township,) Mechanicsville, Mozart, Pineville (also in Wrightstown Township,) and Wycombe (also in Wrightstown Township.)
Buckingham Township is home to a gravity hill, on Buckingham Mountain near Mount Gilead African Methodist Episcopal Church.Solebury Township (northeast)
Upper Makefield Township (east)
Wrightstown Township (southeast)
Warwick Township (south)
Doylestown Township (southwest and west)
Plumstead Township (northwest)
As of the 2010 census, the township was 93.8% White, 1.1% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.4% Asian, and 1.2% were two or more races. 2.4% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,442 people, 5,711 households, and 4,694 families residing in the township. The population density was 497.0 people per square mile (191.9/km²). There were 5,861 housing units at an average density of 177.2/sq mi (68.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.75% White, 1.04% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.
There were 5,711 households, out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.8% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the township the population was spread out, with 28.3% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $82,376, and the median income for a family was $90,968. Males had a median income of $71,649 versus $42,973 for females. The per capita income for the township was $35,735. About 2.4% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.Charles Skelton (1806–1879), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1851 to 1855.
Steve Garvey, English punk band Buzzcocks bassist, 1993 through 1998.