Scientific name Bolitophila
Similar Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Fly, Sciaroidea, Megamerinidae
Bolitophila is the sole genus in the Bolitophilidae, a family of Diptera, with around 40 Palaearctic and about 20 Nearctic species, and three species from the Oriental region (Taiwan).
The larvae of Bolitophila are mycetophagous and live in decaying wood or other organic debris overgrown by fungal plant substrates. Pupation takes place inside the fungal mycelium in soil or litter. Adults prefer shady and humid environments and can be found in the undergrowth of mixed forests, often near watercourses.