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Blue Mountains (Jamaica)

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Type  Mixed
Designated  2015 (39th session)
State Party  Jamaica
Peak  Blue Mountain Peak
Criteria  iii, vi, x
Reference no.  1356
Elevation  2,256 m
Country  Jamaica
Blue Mountains (Jamaica) httpsyouthandeldersjafileswordpresscom2013
Official name  Blue and John Crow Mountains
Similar  Dunn's River Falls, Blue Mountain Peak, Bob Marley Museum, Doctor's Cave Beach Cl, Dolphin Cove Jamaica

The Blue Mountains are the longest mountain range in Jamaica. They include the island's highest point, Blue Mountain Peak, at 2256 m (7402 ft). From the summit, accessible via a walking track, both the north and south coasts of the island can be seen. On a clear day, the outline of the island of Cuba, 210 km (130 mi) away, can also be seen. It spreads in 4 parishes: Portland, St.Thomas, St Mary, St.Andrew

Contents

Map of Blue Mountains, Jamaica

Geography

The Blue Mountains dominate the eastern third of Jamaica, while bordering the eastern parishes of Portland, St. Thomas, St. Mary and St. Andrew to the south. Part of the Blue Mountains is contained in the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park established in 1992, which is maintained by the Jamaican government.

The Blue Mountains rise to its elevations from the coastal plain in the space of about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi), thus producing one of the steepest general gradients in the world. This forms cooling relief from the sweltering heat of the city of Kingston, visible below. Their summits rise and fall for 24 miles and span 14 miles at their widest point. The temperature decreases from around 27°C (80°F) at sea level to 5°C (40°F) at the Blue Mountain Peak, just 16 km (9.9 mi) inland.

Rainfall

The island's average rainfall is 1,960 millimetres (77 in) per year. Where the higher elevations of the Blue Mountains catch the rain from moisture-laden winds it exceeds 5,080 millimetres (200 in) per year with some areas recording totals of more than 7,620 millimetres (300 in).

Flora and fauna

The Blue Mountains climatic diversity has led to the growth of diverse and lush vegetation including towering trees and more than 500 species of flowering plants.

The mountains are home to the world's second-largest butterfly and the largest in the Americas, the Homerus swallowtail (Papilio homerus). The Jamaican Coney (Geocapromys brownii), a type of rodent, and the Jamaican boa (Epicrates subflavus) are also found there.

Jamaican coffee

In past years when Jamaica's economy was dominated by plantation slavery, some slaves escaped to the mountains to live independently, where they were known as Maroons. Charles Town on the Buff Bay River, Moore Town, and Scotts Hall are contemporary Maroon communities in Portland Parish.

Today, the famous Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee, which commands premium prices on world markets, is cultivated between 2,000 and 5,000 feet above sea level, while higher slopes are preserved as forest. Hagley Gap and Mavis Bank are farming communities located on Blue Mountain with Hagley Gap being closest to Blue Mountain Peak. Both towns rely upon the area's rich soil for growing coffee.

References

Blue Mountains (Jamaica) Wikipedia


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