Bloomingburg was laid out in 1815. According to tradition, the village was named for the many flowers kept in the yards of the townswomen. A post office has been in operation at Bloomingburg since 1819. Bloomingburg was noted as a "stop" on the Underground Railroad.
Bloomingburg is located at 39°36′25″N 83°23′41″W (39.607052, -83.394692).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.70 square miles (1.81 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 938 people, 321 households, and 239 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,340.0 inhabitants per square mile (517.4/km2). There were 368 housing units at an average density of 525.7 per square mile (203.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.6% White, 3.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 6.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population.
There were 321 households of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.5% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31.
The median age in the village was 30.8 years. 32.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 20.7% were from 45 to 64; and 9.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 51.7% male and 48.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 874 people, 309 households, and 221 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,253.6 people per square mile (482.1/km²). There were 332 housing units at an average density of 476.2 per square mile (183.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 92.33% White, 4.81% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.95% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.78% of the population.
There were 309 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the village, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,346, and the median income for a family was $31,979. Males had a median income of $25,595 versus $20,855 for females. The per capita income for the village was $12,281. About 11.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.B. C. Edwards, third head football coach for the Illinois State Redbirds.