Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Bishops' saga

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The bishops' saga (Old Norse and modern Icelandic biskupasaga, modern Icelandic plural biskupasögur, Old Norse plural biskupasǫgur) is a genre of medieval Icelandic sagas, mostly thirteenth- and earlier fourteenth-century prose histories dealing with bishops of Iceland's two medieval dioceses of Skálholt and Hólar.

Contents

Sagas about Skálholt bishops

  • Hungrvaka (short biographies of the first five bishops of Skálholt, 1056-1176)
  • Þorláks saga helga (three redactions, including the earliest of the biskupa sögur)
  • Páls saga biskups (the saga of Þorlákr's successor Páll Jónsson, d. 1211)
  • Árna saga biskups (composed c. 1300 about Árni Þorláksson, d. 1298)
  • Two þættir are also relevant: Ísleifs þáttr biskups and Jóns þáttr Halldórssonar.

    Sagas about Hólar bishops

  • Jóns saga helga (about Jón Ögmundsson, 1052–1121, in several different versions)
  • Guðmundar saga biskups (about Guðmundur Arason, 1161-1237, in several different versions)
  • Laurentius Saga (the latest of the biskupa sögur, about Lárentíus Kálfsson, 1267-31)
  • Several of the Hólar sagas are associated with the North Icelandic Benedictine School which flourished in the fourteenth century.

    Editions

  • The principal modern edition of these sagas is Biskupa sögur, Íslenzk fornrit, 15-17 (Reykjavík: Hið Íslenzka Fornritafélag, 2002-3).
  • Biskupa sögur. Volume 1. Kaupmannahöfn [Copenhagen]: Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag. 1858. 
  • Biskupa sögur. Volume 2. Kaupmannahöfn [Copenhagen]: Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag. 1878. 
  • A number of these sagas are edited and translated in Gudbrand Vigfusson; Powell, F. York (1905). Origines Islandicae: A collection of the more important sagas and other native writings relating to the settlement and early history of Iceland. Volume 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 
  • References

    Bishops' saga Wikipedia


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