Puneet Varma (Editor)

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator

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Covid-19
Species  Human
Entrez  405
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000143437
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator
Aliases  ARNT, HIF-1-beta, HIF-1beta, HIF1-beta, HIF1B, HIF1BETA, TANGO, bHLHe2, aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator
External IDs  OMIM: 126110 MGI: 88071 HomoloGene: 1261 GeneCards: ARNT

The ARNT gene encodes the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator protein that forms a complex with ligand-bound aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and is required for receptor function. The encoded protein has also been identified as the beta subunit of a heterodimeric transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1). A t(1;12)(q21;p13) translocation, which results in a TEL-ARNT fusion protein, is associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Three alternatively spliced variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene.

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is involved in the induction of several enzymes that participate in xenobiotic metabolism. The ligand-free, cytosolic form of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor is complexed to heat shock protein 90. Binding of ligand, which includes dioxin and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, results in translocation of the ligand-binding subunit only to the nucleus. Induction of enzymes involved in xenobiotic metabolism occurs through binding of the ligand-bound AhR to xenobiotic responsive elements in the promoters of genes for these enzymes.

Interactions

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator has been shown to interact with:

References

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator Wikipedia


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