Puneet Varma (Editor)

Artigas, Uruguay

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Country  Uruguay
Founded  September 12, 1852
Elevation  121 m (397 ft)
Population  40,658 (2011)
Department  Artigas
Founded by  Don Carlos Catalá
Demonym(s)  artiguense
Local time  Saturday 2:42 PM
Artigas, Uruguay
Weather  32°C, Wind SE at 10 km/h, 55% Humidity

Ciudad de artigas uruguay parte 1


Artigas ([arˈtiɣas]) is the capital of the Artigas Department of Uruguay. Its name comes from that of the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, who fought for the emancipation of the River Plate, and sought to create a federative nation from these colonies. As of the census of 2011, it is the eleventh most populous city of the country.

Contents

Map of 55000 Artigas, Artigas Department, Uruguay

Location

The city is located on the border with Brazil, separated only by a bridge from the town Quaraí of the state Rio Grande do Sul of Brazil. It is the farthest city from Uruguay's capital Montevideo, being 600 kilometres (370 mi) away.

History

It was founded on 12 September 1852 by Don Carlos Catalá as the town of San Eugenio del Cuareim. On 5 September 1884 it became capital of the department. It was renamed Artigas and its status was elevated from villa (town) to ciudad (city) on 31 August 1915.

Economy

Artigas is a centre for trading grain crops (primarily maize) with Argentina and Brazil. The railroad station and, since 1973, airport are focused on this commerce.

The mountains in the area contain significant numbers of precious stones, especially agate and amethyst, which were first found in 1860, since when mining has taken place. Souvenirs and handicrafts made using these gem stones are produced in Artigas and exported widely.

Population

In 2011 Artigas had a population of 40,658.

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay

Transportation

The city is served by Artigas International Airport.

Places of worship

  • San Eugenio del Cuareim, Artigas|St. Eugene of the Cuareim Parish Church (Roman Catholic)
  • Climate

    Artigas has a humid subtropical climate, described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfa. Summers are warm to hot and winters are cool, with the occurrence of frosts and fog. The precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average of 1,293 mm (50.9 in), and the annual average temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F).

    References

    Artigas, Uruguay Wikipedia


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