Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington

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Monarch  Queen Victoria
Name  Arthur 2nd
Nationality  British
Preceded by  The Earl of Jersey

Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington
Prime Minister  The Earl of Aberdeen The Viscount Palmerston
Born  3 February 1807 Harley Street, Soho, London, England (1807-02-03)
Alma mater  Christ Church, Oxford Trinity College, Cambridge
Died  August 13, 1884, Brighton, United Kingdom
Parents  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Spouse  Elizabeth Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington (m. 1839)
Education  Christ Church, Oxford, Trinity College, Cambridge, Eton College
Cousins  Lady Charles Bentinck, Priscilla Fane, Countess of Westmorland
Similar People  Arthur Wellesley - 1st Duke, Catherine Wellesley - Duchess, Richard Wellesley - 1st Marqu, Charles Arbuthnot, Diana Wellesley - Duchess

Succeeded by  The Duke of Beaufort

Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington


Lieutenant-General Arthur Richard Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington, (3 February 1807 – 13 August 1884), styled Lord Douro between 1812 and 1814 and Marquess of Douro between 1814 and 1852, was a British soldier and politician. The eldest son of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, victor of Waterloo and Prime Minister, he succeeded his father in the dukedom in 1852 and held minor political office as Master of the Horse from 1853 to 1858. In 1858 he was made a Knight of the Garter.

Contents

Background and education

Wellesley was born at Harley Street, Marylebone, London, the eldest son of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, and the Honourable Catherine Sarah Dorothea "Kitty" Pakenham, daughter of Edward Pakenham, 2nd Baron Longford. Lord Charles Wellesley was his younger brother and Lord Wellesley, Lord Mornington and Lord Cowley his uncles. He was educated at Temple Grove School, Eton College, Christ Church, Oxford, and Trinity College, Cambridge. He became known by the courtesy title Lord Douro when his father was created Earl of Wellington in 1812 and as Marquess of Douro in 1814 after his father was elevated to a dukedom. He was a Page of Honour from 1818 to 1821.

Military career

Lord Douro became an ensign in the 81st Regiment of Foot in 1823 and in the 71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot in 1825, a cornet in the Royal Horse Guards in 1825, a lieutenant in the Royal Horse Guards in 1827, a captain in the Royal Horse Guards in 1828 and in the King's Royal Rifle Corps the same year, a major in the King's Royal Rifle Corps in 1830 and in the Rifle Brigade in 1831, a lieutenant-colonel on the unattached list in 1834, a brevet colonel in 1846, a lieutenant-colonel in the Victoria (Middlesex) Rifle Volunteer Corps in 1853 and a major-general in 1854.

Political career

Lord Douro was returned to parliament for Aldeburgh in 1829, a seat he held until 1832. He was out of parliament until 1837, when he was returned for Norwich. In 1852 he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. In early 1853 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Master of the Horse in Lord Aberdeen's coalition government, a post he retained when Lord Palmerston became prime minister in 1855. He resigned along with the rest of the Palmerston government in 1858. The latter year he was made a Knight of the Garter.

In 1863 Wellington inherited the earldom of Mornington on the death of his cousin William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley, 5th Earl of Mornington. From 1868 to 1884 he was Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex.

Family

Wellington married Lady Elizabeth Hay, daughter of Field Marshal George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, in 1839. They had no children. The marriage was not a happy one although Lady Elizabeth was a great favourite with her father-in-law. On succeeding his illustrious father he was said to have remarked: "Imagine what it will be when the Duke of Wellington is announced, and only I walk in the room." The relationship between father and son is often described as the classic case of the son of a famous father who is never able to live up to his legacy. Wellington died at Brighton Railway Station, Brighton, Sussex, in August 1884, aged 77, and was buried at the family seat Stratfield Saye House, Hampshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, Henry. The Duchess of Wellington died at Bearhill Park, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, in August 1904, aged 83, and was buried at Stratfield Saye House.

In literature

The Bronte children portrayed the first Duke of Wellington and his two sons in their imaginary games about the colonisation of Africa. They wrote many stories about Arthur, with Charlotte assuming the character of Charles as the "author" of these stories. As Charlotte and Branwell moved into their teenage years and used Lord Byron's writings as inspiration, they focused on Arthur as a romantic, heroic figure. He was known to them as the Duke of Zamorna, and later as Emperor Adrian of Angria. Elements of his character formed the basis for Edward Rochester in Jane Eyre.

Thomas Raikes ("the Younger") (3 October 1777 – 3 July 1848) a British merchant banker, dandy and diarist was a close childhood friend, travelling and gambling companion of Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington. His journals 'Two volumes of Private Correspondence with the 2nd Duke of Wellington and other Distinguished Contemporaries' were published in 1861.

Styles

  • 3 February 1807 – 26 August 1809: Arthur Richard Wellesley, Esq.
  • 26 August 1809 – 28 February 1812: Hon. Arthur Richard Wellesley, Esq.
  • 28 February 1812 – 3 May 1814: Lord Douro
  • 3 May 1814 – 14 September 1852: Marquess of Douro
  • 14 September 1852 – 7 February 1853: His Grace the Duke of Wellington
  • 7 February 1853 – 25 March 1858: His Grace the Duke of Wellington PC
  • 25 March 1858 – 13 August 1884: His Grace the Duke of Wellington KG, PC
  • References

    Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington Wikipedia


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