The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, India, in the state of Maharashtra. The college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces.
Established in May 1948 after World War II on the recommendation of the BC Roy Committee, remnants of various Indian Army Medical Corps units were amalgamated to create the Armed Forces Medical services. The AFMC undergraduate wing was established on 4 August 1962, which is celebrated annually as AFMC Day by its alumni across the globe.
AFMC has been ranked consistently among the top medical colleges of India, with the Outlook 2012 and 2015 survey ranking it second amongst all the undergraduate medical institutions of the country.
The institution has reinforced all the three services of the Indian Armed Forces by providing a pool of 'doctor soldiers'. It primarily imparts training to medical undergraduates and postgraduates, dental postgraduates, nursing cadets and paramedical staff. Patient care forms an integral part of its training curriculum and the attached hospitals benefits from the expertise available at AFMC. The institution is responsible for providing the entire pool of specialists and super specialists to the Armed Forces. The college is also involved in conducting research in various medical subjects as well as those aspects which would affect the morale and performance of the Armed Forces both in war and peace.
The AFMC was set up in 1948 in the immediate post-world war period. On the recommendations of the BC Roy Committee, remnants of the Indian Army Medical Corps units were amalgamated into one unit to create the Armed Forces Medical College. Over the past 50 years, it has grown in its functions. The "Graduate Wing" of AFMC was established on 4 August 1962. The aim of starting this wing was to increase the intake of medical graduates into the Armed Forces. The graduate wing was affiliated to the University of Pune till 1999 but presently affiliated to the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. The college is recognised by the Medical Council of India for conducting a 5-year and 6-month teaching programme leading to MBBS degree. The first batch passed out in Oct 1966. It also conducts post graduate courses in many disciplines.
One of the first plastic surgery departments in India was established at the college in early 1950s.
A total of 130 students are admitted for undergraduate MBBS course is on the basis of the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (formerly through the AIPMT exam). This is followed by an interview and then after the final selection, 130 students, including 25 girls, are admitted to the College. 10 seats is reserved for ST/SC candidates. All these students are liable to serve in the medical services of the Armed Forces, on successful completion of MBBS, for at least seven years.
The college is fully residential with separate hostels for boys and girls. Residence in the hostels is mandatory for all the cadets for the entire duration of the course. The Boys Hostel is housed in a building which was built in 1965 and comprises 6 blocks of three floors each. There are a total of 277 rooms of approximately 8 square metres (86 sq ft) area (single-seaters) and 162 rooms of approximately 18.5 m² area (double seaters). All the rooms are fully furnished. The girls' hostel was constructed in 1984 and can accommodate 130 cadets in 70 single-seater and 30 double seater rooms. The new Boys Hostel has 4 blocks with four floors each having 18 spacious rooms with balconies. The officers' floors for officers pursuing their post graduation courses have been incorporated into the boys hostel. Subsidised messing is provided to all medical cadets. The Central Cadets Mess was opened in 2009 for all cadets to dine together.
AFMC is the only medical college from Asia where all expenses are paid by the Government (Ministry of Defence). Medical Cadets receive free tuition, free lodging and boarding, uniforms, book subsidies and an allowance for upkeep of the uniforms.
The campus is full of gardens, trees and flowers which are maintained by the defence personnel. There are facilities for sports, including tennis, squash, basketball, and a swimming pool. Canteen facilities for defence personnel are also extended to the Medical Cadets. It has two auditoria named Dhanvantri and Bharadwaj where high-profile medical conferences are held. Dhanvantri also screens two films a month for cadets, officers, other ranks and their families within the college campus. One more department of medicine has been set up on campus to improve its faculty. AFMC also works as a hospital for civilians and is collaborated with the command hospital (SC).
In 2013 India Today Rankings, it was ranked third among medical colleges in India. Outlook India also ranked Armed Forces Medical College, Pune at #2 in 2012 and 2015. It was ranked 2 by Careers360 in 2016.
AFMC provides broad-based non-academic exposure too. Students are encouraged to participate in sports and many have excelled in this arena. There are a large number of societies and clubs like the Student Scientific Society, Computer Club, Hobbies Club, Debating Club, Adventure Club, Musimatics etc. where students can pursue extra-curricular interests. They are encouraged to participate in competitions and conferences all over the country for development of all round personality and officer like qualities. They have also won many laurels in debates, quiz contests and youth festivals in Pune and outside. Over 6000 doctors have graduated from AFMC until now. Recently the entire hostel has been given WiFi connectivity.
The various departments are very active in taking up research projects either under departmental sponsorship or under the auspices of Armed Forces Medical Research Committee (AFMRC). Apart from service-oriented projects, research inclinical and laboratory subjects is also carried out. AFMC has the facility for animal house, hatcheries for disease producing insects, and a virology and bacteriology bank for these purposes. AFMC is a research and referral centre for confirmation of disease, identification of pathogens (viral and bacterial) and classification of blood disorders. AFMC acts as a referral centre, designated by WHO for certain diseases i.e. HIV-regional laboratory and centre for rickettsial diseases.
The college gives its undergraduates early exposure to research by encouraging them to take up various departmental projects. Every year the UGs bag many ICMR scholarships under the Short Term Studentship Programme and MUHS scholarships under Short Term Research Grant Programme. The UGs have been presenting their research work and winning at various conferences. Apart from this, the Students' Scientific Society of AFMC has been organizing Illuminati, one of the biggest undergraduate research conferences in India.
Affiliated hospitals include Command Hospital (Southern Command), Military Hospital (Cardio Thoracic Centre), Artificial Limb Centre and Military Hospital (Khadki). Medical Journal Armed Forces of India (MJAFI) is a professional journal sponsored by the Armed Forces Medical Services and published by the AFMC.
This college presently affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.Lt Gen Punita Arora (Retd) PVSM, VSM, SM, former director general medical services Navy, and also the first lady army officer to reach the rank of lieutenant general, the second highest rank in the Indian Army, and was also the first woman Vice Admiral of the Indian Navy.
Maj Surendra Poonia (Retd), international award-winning sportsman, record holder in the Limca Book of Records, physician and former Special Forces officer of the Indian Army. He is the first Indian athlete with the rare distinction of having won medals in power-lifting and athletic events in four consecutive world championships. He also contested the 2014 Lok Sabha elections from Sikar, Rajasthan for the Aam Aadmi Party.
Soumya Swaminathan (scientist), Paediatrician and Clinical Scientist known for her works in Tuberculosis. She is currently positioned as Secretary, Department of Health Research - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, and Director General of Indian Council of Medical Research, the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of Biomedical research. She was the former director of National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis. She is the daughter of M.S.Swaminathan.