An anti-romance, sometimes referred to as a satire, is a type of story characterized by having an apathetic or self-doubting anti-hero cast as the protagonist, who fails in the object of his journey or struggle. Most anti-romances take place in urban settings, and frequently feature insanity, depression, and the meaning of reality as major themes. An anti-romance is the antithesis of a romance.
J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye is probably the most famous and successful anti-romance, though there are many others, including Thomas Pynchon's The Crying of Lot 49, "Araby" by James Joyce and Joseph Heller's Catch-22.
The film Three Colors: Red (1994) has been considered an anti-romance.