Siddhesh Joshi

Anthony, Duke of Brabant

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Name  Anthony, of

Anthony, Duke of Brabant httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Noble family  Valois-Burgundy-Brabant
Father  Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother  Margaret III of Flanders
Died  October 25, 1415, Azincourt, France
Spouse  Elizabeth of Gorlitz (m. 1409)
Children  John IV, Duke of Brabant, Philip I, Duke of Brabant
Parents  Philip the Bold, Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
Cousins  Bonne of Berry, Marie, Duchess of Auvergne, John of Valois, Count of Montpensier
Similar People  Margaret III - Countess, Philip the Bold, Elizabeth of Gorlitz, John the Fearless, John II of France

Anthony, Duke of Brabant, also known as Antoine de Brabant, Antoine de Bourgogne and Anthony of Burgundy (August 1384 – 25 October 1415, at the battle of Agincourt), was Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg.

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Biography

Anthony, Duke of Brabant Anthony Duke of Brabant wLance AeroArt

Anthony was the son of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, and brother of John the Fearless. When his grandaunt Joanna died childless in 1406, Anthony inherited the Duchy of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg, thus becoming the first Brabantian ruler of the House of Valois.

The Duke of Brabant arrived late to the Battle of Agincourt, and in his eagerness to reach the field, he dressed in improvised armour and wore a surcoat made from a trumpeter's flag. He fought valiantly but was captured by some English archers. He was executed along with the rest of the prisoners ordered by Henry V of England, the English being unaware of his high status and ransom value.

The execution was carried out as the much smaller English force found itself stretched to its limits, guarding prisoners with the battle still not won. A counterattack on the King's baggage train (guarded only by women and children) is thought to have driven King Henry to the decision, thinking he was being attacked from the rear and some chroniclers have given Brabant's belated charge as this very cause, adding to the Duke's chivalric but tragic final story (see "Agincourt", J. Barker 2005). Subsequently the executions stopped immediately the attack was seen to falter.

Marriages and family

He married at Arras on 21 February 1402 Jeanne de St. Pol (d. 1407), daughter of Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol. They had two children:

  • John IV, Duke of Brabant (1403–1427)
  • Philip of St. Pol (1404–1430), Duke of Brabant
  • He married again at Brussels, on 16 July 1409, Elisabeth of Görlitz, duchess of Luxembourg (November 1390 – 8 August 1451), daughter of John, Duke of Görlitz. They had two children:

  • William (2 June 1410 – 10 July 1410, Brussels)
  • unknown (1412)
  • He also had two illegitimate daughters.

    References

    Anthony, Duke of Brabant Wikipedia


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