Anne Meinstrup (1475–1535) was a politically active Danish noble, lady-in-waiting and county administrator.
Daughter of noble riksråd Henrik Meinstrup (d.1496) and Margrethe Christiansdatter Daa (d. 1497), she was married to nobleriksråd Holger Eriksen Rosenkrantz til Boller (d. 1496) in 1491 and the noble Jørgen Ahlefeldt til Søgaard i Sønderjylland, (d. 1500) in 1497. She was made head lady-in-waiting of first Christina of Saxony in 1503 and in 1516 of the next queen Isabella of Austria. In 1507–17, she was county administrator of Højstrup. She criticized the relationship between king Christian II of Denmark and Dyveke and lived in exile in Lübeck in 1517–23 after the death of Dyveke Sigbritsdatter. In 1526–33, she was again the first lady-in-waiting of the queen, this time to Sophie of Pomerania.
She was an influential person in Denmark. In 1511, she was rumoured to have an affair with a court noble. During the Count's Feud 1534–36, she was an ally of Count Christopher of Oldenburg, who granted her the county of Højstrup and Sæbygaard i Løve Herred (1534). Her son, however, belonged to the opposite side. At the public council of Ringsted Landsting 20 January 1535, she was summoned as one of the delegates by the count. After a sharp speech, she was lynched by the Count's soldiers.
During the war, her murder was frequently used in the propaganda. At the amnesty in Copenhagen of 1536, her murderers were excluded from the amnesty and executed.