1905 - ongoing
| H.C. Butler (1905)
R. Mouterde, A. Poidebard (1930)
Syrian Department of Antiquities director Dr. R. Ugdeh
University of Heidelberg director Prof. C. Strube
University of Oxford director Dr. Marlia Mango|
Androna, also known as al-Andarin is a Byzantine site spread over a vast area at the edges of the semi-desert, about 25 kilometers beyond the more well-known Byzantine site of Qasr Ibn Wardan.
Androna was built as a defense line against nomadic skirmishes in the Syrian Desert. The fortified city contains many churches, palaces and baths; and was famous for its vineyards and high-quality wine in which it was mentioned by Amr ibn Kulthum in his ode.
The following is the opening verse of his ode: