Tripti Joshi

Alexander Leslie (British Army officer)

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Service/branch  British Army
Years of service  1753–1782

Rank  Major General
Name  Alexander Leslie
Alexander Leslie (British Army officer)
Died  27 December 1794 (aged 62–63) Beechwood House
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Battles/wars  American War of Independence Battle of Long Island (1776) Landing at Kip's Bay (1776) Battle of Harlem Heights (1776) Battle of White Plains (1776) Battle of Princeton (1777) Battle of Monmouth (1778) Siege of Charleston (1780) Battle of Guilford Court House (1781) Battle of the Combahee River (1782)

Alexander leslie british army officer


The Honourable Major General Alexander Leslie (1731 – 27 December 1794) was a major general in the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was the commander of the British troops at the Battle of Harlem Heights. He replaced Cornwallis as commander in the South in 1782.

Contents

Early life

Very little is known of his childhood. Leslie was born in England in 1731 to Alexander Leslie, 5th Earl of Leven, and was brother to Lady Mary Hamilton.

Military career

He enlisted in the 3rd Foot Guards of the British Army in 1753. He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the 64th Regiment of Foot in 1766.

In 1775, before the American War of Independence broke out, he led troops to Salem, Massachusetts looking for contraband weapons. His advance was delayed by a standoff at a bridge, during which the colonists removed the weapons he was looking for. His force was eventually allowed to proceed, but found nothing of consequence, and was received with hostility during the expedition.

In 1776, Leslie was promoted to brigadier-general. He fought in the Battle of Long Island, the Landing at Kip's Bay, the Battle of White Plains and the Battle of Harlem Heights, the Battle of Princeton and the Siege of Charleston during the American War of Independence. At Princeton, his nephew, Captain William Leslie was mortally wounded.

In 1780, he was sent to the Chesapeake Bay by Sir Henry Clinton in order to "make a powerful diversion in [Earl Cornwallis's] favor by striking at the magazines then collecting by the enemy ... for supplying the army they were assembling to oppose him." He became major general in 1782 and was made Colonel of the 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot the same year. He transferred in 1788 to be Colonel of the 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot to his death.

Death

On 27 December 1794, Leslie became deathly ill while traveling from Glasgow and died at the Beechwood House.

Personal life

In 1760, he married Mary Tullidelph. She died in 1761 in childbirth. Their daughter survived.

References

Alexander Leslie (British Army officer) Wikipedia


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