Alevtina Pavlovna Kolchina (Russian: Алевти́на Па́вловна Ко́лчина alternate spelling: Alevtina Koltsjina, born 11 November 1930 in village Pavlovsk, Ochersky District, Perm Oblast) is a former Soviet cross-country skier who competed during the 1950s and 1960s for Burevestnik and later for Dynamo sports societies. She competed in four Winter Olympics, earning a total of five medals. Kolchina also competed several times at the Holmenkollen ski festival, winning three times at 10 km (1961–1963) and once at 5 km (1966). She was married to four-time Olympic cross country medalist Pavel Kolchin until his 2010 death.
Kolchina's biggest success was at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, where she won 3 medals in 10 km (golds in 1958 and 1962, silver in 1966), 3 medals in the 3 x 5 km relay (golds in 1958, 1962, and 1966), and 2 medals in 5 km (golds in 1962 and 1966).
For her successes in the world championships and at the Holmenkollen, Kolchina received the Holmenkollen medal in 1963 (shared with her husband, Astrid Sandvik, and Torbjørn Yggeseth). Kolchina is the third woman, first Soviet/Russian, and first female Nordic skier to ever win the Holmenkollen medal. Kolchina and her husband are the first husband and wife team to ever win the Holmenkollen Medal.