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Albrecht von Graefe

Nationality  Prussian
Name  Albrecht Graefe
Parents  Karl Ferdinand von Graefe
Children  Albrecht von Graefe
Known for  treatment of glaucoma
Role  Ophthalmology
Fields  Ophthalmology
Albrecht von Graefe Albrecht von Graefe Wikiwand
Alma mater  Humboldt University of Berlin
Influences  Johannes Muller, Carl Ferdinand von Arlt
Died  July 20, 1870, Berlin, Germany
Education  Humboldt University of Berlin
Influenced  Johann Friedrich Horner, Richard Liebreich, Michele Del Monte

Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Grafe, often Anglicized to Graefe (May 22, 1828 – July 20, 1870), was a Prussian pioneer of German ophthalmology. Graefe was born in Finkenheerd, Brandenburg, the son of Karl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840). He was the father of the far right politician Albrecht von Graefe (1868-1933).

Albrecht von Graefe Albrecht von Graefe monument at the quotCharitquot Himetop

Background

Albrecht von Graefe httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Graefe studied philosophy, logic, natural sciences and anatomy in Berlin, obtaining his medical doctorate in 1847. He continued his studies at Prague, Paris, Vienna and London, and having devoted special attention to ophthalmology, in 1850, he began to practice as an oculist in Berlin. Here, he founded a private institution for the treatment of eyes. During the same year, he received his habiltation with the thesis Uber die Wirkung der Augenmuskeln.

Albrecht von Graefe VL People per330

In 1858 he became an associate professor of ophthalmology in Berlin, where in 1866 he was appointed a full professor. In 1870, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

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In 1862 he married Anna Knuth. The couple had three children, two of whom died in infancy.

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Graefe died in Berlin from pulmonary tuberculosis on July 20, 1870. His grave is preserved in the Protestant Friedhof II der Jerusalems- und Neuen Kirchengemeinde (Cemetery No. II of the congregations of Jerusalem's Church and New Church) in Berlin-Kreuzberg, south of Hallesches Tor.

Contributions

Graefe made many contributions to ophthalmological science, being considered one of the more important (if not the most important) figures in 19th century ophthalmology. Among his achievements were a method of treating glaucoma and a new operation for cataract.

He introduced iridectomy for glaucoma, identified retardation of the eyelid in Basedow's disease, and described the combination of retinitis pigmentosa and perceptive deafness in Usher's syndrome. Also, he provided early descriptions of optic neuritis (1860), chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (1868). and papilledema (involving four patients with brain tumor and a swelling of the optic disc). In addition, he is credited with design of a specialized knife, the "Von Graefe knife", for cataract surgery.This knife was used till the 1960s. The eponymous "Grafe's sign" is associated with Graves-Basedow disease.

In 1855 he founded the Archiv fur Ophthalmologie, in which Carl Ferdinand von Arlt (1812-1887) and Franciscus Donders (1818-1889) collaborated. In 1863 he founded the Deutsche Ophtalmologische Gesellschaft.

References

Albrecht von Graefe Wikipedia


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