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Albert Gardiner

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Preceded by  John Grant
Name  Albert Gardiner
Resigned  November 16, 1928
Occupation  Goldminer
Succeeded by  John Dooley
Party  Australian Labor Party
Nationality  Australian
Role  Australian Politician

Albert Gardiner httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediaenthumbf
Born  30 July 1867 Orange, New South Wales (1867-07-30)
Spouse(s)  1) Ada Evelyn Jewell 2) Theresa Alice Clayton
Died  August 14, 1952, Bondi Junction, Sydney, Australia

Political party  Australian Labor Party

Albert Gardiner (also known as "Jupp" Gardiner) (30 July 1867 – 14 August 1952) was an Australian Labor Party politician. He held the distinction of being the party's sole Senator between 1920 and 1922.

Gardiner was born in Orange, New South Wales and educated at Flanagan's School. He was apprenticed as a carpenter at 15. In 1890, he moved to Parkes and worked on the gold battery at the Hazelhurst mine.

Political career

In 1891, Gardiner was elected as an Australian Labor Party member for Forbes, although he refused to sign Labor's solidarity pledge in 1893. In 1894, with the abolition of Forbes, he was elected the member for Ashburnham, but was defeated in 1895. He stood unsuccessfully for Ashburnham in 1898 for the Free Trade Party and Orange in 1901 as an independent. In 1897, he divorced his first wife Ada Evelyn Jewell, who he had married in 1892, and he married Theresa Alice Clayton in 1902. He was elected member for Orange in 1904, but lost the seat in 1907.

From 1910 to 1926, Gardiner was a Senator for New South Wales in Federal Parliament. He was appointed Vice-President of the Executive Council in 1914 and Assistant Minister for Defence in 1915. He resigned from the ministry in opposition to conscription before the first plebiscite on conscription in October 1916. After the Labor split over the issue, he became Labor leader in the Senate and the only Labor Senator from 1920 to 1922. A filibuster in 1918 delivered Federal Parliament's longest speech at 12 hours and 40 minutes (the combined Parnell-Bressington filibuster in the South Australian upper house went for over 13 hours); this forced the introduction of a time limit on future speeches. In 1926, he lost his Senate seat, but he filled a casual vacancy for five months in 1928, despite expulsion from the Lang-led state branch of the party. He unsuccessfully contested Dalley as an independent Labor candidate in 1928. He then unsuccessfully contested the State seats of Waverley in 1932 and Canterbury in 1935 as an Official Labor candidate—that is, recognised by the Federal Labor Party, but not the State branch.

In 1922, Gardiner contested the leadership of the Labor Party against Matthew Charlton who defeated him by 22 votes to 2.

He played rugby union as a forward and represented New South Wales against New Zealand and Queensland in 1897 and against England in 1899.

Gardiner died at Bondi Junction, survived by his wife, a son and a daughter.


Albert Gardiner Wikipedia

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