Adolphe Eugène Jean Henri Max (30 December 1869 – 6 November 1939) was a Belgian liberal politician and Mayor of Brussels from 1909 until his death.
He graduated in law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, and entered the legal profession, besides doing journalistic work. When he was 25 years old, he was elected a province councillor for Brabant, and was elected a city councillor in 1903. After he had worked as a magistrate, he was appointed city mayor of Brussels on 6 December 1909.
During the German occupation of Brussels in the First World War, Max refused to cooperate with the occupying forces. As a result, he was arrested and held in captivity, first at Namur, and then at Glatz, until he escaped on 13 November 1918. Charles Lemonnier was acting mayor during his captivity. On his return to Brussels he was greeted as a hero.
In 1919 he was elected to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives, where he campaigned for universal adult suffrage, a goal not achieved until after his death.
Among the monuments from Max's time in office as mayor of Brussels are parts of the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium and the Heysel exhibition park built for the Expo of 1935, begun to mark the centenary of the Belgian Revolution of 1830.
Adolphe Max was an irregular freemason, an honorary Minister of State and a member of the Institut de France. Boulevard Adolphe Max, a main avenue of the city of Brussels, is named after him. There is also a Place Adolphe Max in the 9th arrondissement of Paris that was named for him in January, 1940, shortly after his death.1910: Knight Grand cross in the Order of the Crown of Prussia.
1918: Grand Officer in the Order of Leopold.
1932:Grand Cordon in the Order of Leopold.
Member of the Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium.