Samiksha Jaiswal

Abu al Fadl, Ramle

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Arabic  أبو الفضل/السطرية
Subdistrict  Ramle
Area  2,870 dunams
Date of depopulation  9 May 1948
Also spelled  al-Satariyya
Palestine grid  135/150
Current locality  Sitria
Abu al-Fadl, Ramle
Cause(s) of depopulation  Influence of nearby town's fall
Weather  20°C, Wind N at 16 km/h, 37% Humidity

Abu al-Fadl (Arabic: أبو الفضل/السطرية‎‎) was a Palestinian village in the Ramle Subdistrict, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Ramla in, what was until 1948, Mandatory Palestine. The village was also known as al-Satariyya. In 1945/44, the village had a population of 510.

Contents

History

The village land was owned by the Islamic waqf of Fadl ibn Abbas, possibly a cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, after whom the village was named. In the Palestine Index Gazetteer, Abu al-Fadl was classified as a hamlet.

At the time of the 1931 census, Abu Kishk had a population of 1565 residents, all Muslims. (Noted under the name of Es Sautariya).

In 1944/45 the village had a population of 510 Muslims. A total of 818 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 1,035 dunums were used for cereals, and 822 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.

1948 and aftermath

In February 1948 it was reported that ten Arabs, one of them a woman, were murdered ("probably") by IZL gunmen, in a grove, where they apparently worked, near the village. This was one of the massacres of Palestinian civilians which was said to "erode Arab morale".

The villagers probably left their homes in the second week of May 1948 during Operation Barak. This campaign was undertaken by the Givati Brigade commanded by Shimon Avidan; its objective was to clear the villages south of Tel Aviv and "cause a wandering of the inhabitants of the smaller settlements in the area". Each ground assault started with a mortar bombardment, followed by the expulsion of the remaining residents and the demolition of houses.

The village was probably permanently occupied during the first stage of Operation Danny, 9–12 July 1948. This offensive, commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, resulted in the expulsion of some 70,000 people from the neighbouring towns of Lod and al-Ramla.

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, described the place in 1992: "Of the original village houses, no more than five still stand, deserted and nearly collapsing. One of these houses, located at the edge of a citrus grove, is made of cement blocks, with rectangular doors and windows and a tiled, sloping roof. Another house, composed of three units, is located in the middle of a citrus grove. A few cypress trees, castor oil (ricinus) plants, and cactuses grow on the site, and Israeli buildings have been constructed nearby. The surrounding lands are cultivated by Israelis."

The area is now being absorbed by the suburbs of Rishon LeZion.

References

Abu al-Fadl, Ramle Wikipedia


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