Abdul Karim Brahui (born 1955, in Chahar Burjak District, Nimroz Province) is a politician in Afghanistan. He is the current Governor of Nimroz Province and has served previously as a minister in the Cabinet of Afghanistan. From February 2009 to August 2010, Brahui served as the Minister of Refugees. In 2004, Brahui was appointed Minister of Borders and Tribal Affairs.
During the 1980s he was a leader of the mujahideen forces in Nimroz (the Nimruz Front). When the Taliban seized Nimroz in 1995, Karim Brahui and his troops withdrew across the border to neighboring Baluchistan Province of Iran, and Hamidullah Niyazmand was made governor of the province at the time. Following the 2001 defeat of the Taliban, Karim Brahui returned again became the governor.
Brahui was born in the Pedehgee village of Chahar Burjak District of Nimroz Province in 1955. He is the son of Mohammad Mobin and belongs to the Mohammad Hassani tribe, minority ethnic group of Afghanistan. He attended primary school in his hometown and graduated from Cadet School in 1973. He then attended Cadet College where he obtained his bachelor's degree in 1977 in the field of Weapons Technology and served in the military of Afghanistan. After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, he left the military as many others did and joined the mujahideen rebel groups where he fought for about 14 years.
Following the collapse of Najibullah's government, Brahui was appointed as Governor of Nimroz province and the Commander of the 4th Brigade in the government of Burhanuddin Rabbani. During the Taliban era, he led the resistance front against the Taliban forces in Nimroz. When the United States armed forces toppled the Taliban in late 2001, Brahui was again appointed as the Governor of Nimroz and Commander of 4th Brigade.
In early 2011, Brahui has escaped unhurt in a remote-controlled bomb explosion. He and the board of directors of that Nimroz visited an irrigation work in Lashkari canal when his vehicle was hit with a remote control mine in the 2nd district of Zaranj, near the Darul Ulam Madrasa (Islamic school) in the city.