Samiksha Jaiswal

Abbeville Historic District (Abbeville, South Carolina)

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Architect  Multiple
Boundary decrease  September 14, 1972
Area  142 ha
Added to NRHP  14 September 1972
Boundary increase  May 7, 1984
Address  Abbeville, SC 29620, USA
Year built  1786
Abbeville Historic District (Abbeville, South Carolina)
Location  Roughly bounded by Seaboard Coastline RR, SR 72, Rickey, Haight, Hemphill and Haigler Sts., Abbeville, South Carolina
Architectural style  Includes Second Empire, Gothic Revival, Beaux-Arts, Queen Anne, Bungalow, Greek Revival, Victorian
NRHP Reference #  72001183 (original) May 7, 1984  (increase) 72001579 (decrease)
Similar  Abbeville County Courthouse, Abbeville Opera House, Armistead Burt House, Frazier‑Pressley House, Prysmian Copper Wire Tower

Abbeville Historic District is a historic district in Abbeville, South Carolina. It includes several properties listed separately in the National Register of Historic Places, including the Abbeville County Courthouse and the Abbeville Opera House. The district was listed in National Register on September 14, 1972.

Originally, it was roughly bounded by Seaboard Coastline RR, SR 72, Rickey, Haight, Hemphill and Haigler Sts. A 1972 decrease of area, roughly E of Magazine St., S of Whitehall St., NW along Long Branch St., W of Lemon St., N along Washington St., decreased the size of the district. According to the National Register Information System (NRIS), this decrease was approved simultaneously as the original district designation. A 1984 increase, of area roughly W along N. Main St. from Haigler to Livingston Sts., N along Greenville St., and NE on Marshall Ct., added to the district.

History

The district includes a large portion of Abbeville, the country seat of Abbeville County. The city, formed in the late 18th century, played a role in the political history of the area, including one of the first public meetings regarding succession from the Union, a precursor to the Civil War. Most of the commercial buildings in the district are representative of the 19th and 20th centuries, primarily due to a three large fires in 1872 - 1873. The subsequent redevelopment gave the town square its present appearance.

The original nomination form included sixteen sites that contributed to the historical significance of the district. These buildings included a mix of residential (ten) and commercial (five) structures, and greenspace (one):

  • Abbeville Press and Banner Building
  • Ace Hardware Building (1831)
  • Old Bank Building
  • Abbeville Opera House
  • Abbeville County Courthouse (1903)
  • The Burt House (c. 1830)
  • Secession Hill
  • Trinity Episcopal Church (1860)
  • Quay-Adams House
  • Wardlaw-Klugh House (1831)
  • Lee-Reid House (1885)
  • McGowan-Barksdale House (1888)
  • Gary-Harris-Wren House (1885)
  • Harris House (1886)
  • Gary-DuPree House (c. 1885)
  • Shillito-Townsend House (c. 1830)
  • The boundary increase that occurred on May 7, 1984 added numerous properties to the district. The district now contains 37 properties of significance, 282 supporting properties, and 209 non-contributing properties for a total of 528 sites. Most of the structures are still standing, although the addresses used in the nomination form may have changed.

    References

    Abbeville Historic District (Abbeville, South Carolina) Wikipedia


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