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Abashevo, Penza Oblast

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Abashevo, Penza Oblast

A Russian village and the center of the local village council located 9 km to the east of the district center, which has a bus service, on both sides of the Sukhoy Lipljan creek ravine (in 1795 called 'Mokhov'). 2004 census record 195 households with 464 inhabitants. Built on the road from Narovchatov to Spassk.



The name's origin is undetermined. It is supposedly a corruption of tatar's word Adashe. Due to the fact that during the second half of the 15th century the lands on which the future village of Abashevo will be built was owned by Tatar prince Adashev. Alternative version refers to the documents from 16-18 century referencing mordovian male named 'Adash'.


The village is first mentioned in the 1658-61 scribe books of Shatsky County as the patrimony of the landlord I.K. Shepilov. In 1681 the peasants of Abashevo rebelled against the landowner; to subdue and punish peasants with Batogs the squadron of archers and gunners was sent from Shatsk. Multiple reported peasant revolts that were suppressed with the help of the soldiers are also recorded in 1842 and 1843 respectively.


Narovchat county, area of the village is 74 tithes, 180 peasant households belongning to landowners: Prince Yakov Alexandrovich Golitsyn. Alexey Danilovich Durnovo and Ivan Vasilievich Yavorsky, there was a wooden church of St. Nicholas. Records indicated that peasants worked on the serfdom.

One of the notable owners of the Abashevo was Durnovo family. Durnovo were noble family of the same origin with Tolstoy. One of Tolstoys was nicknamed Durnoy (Russian: Дурной) [could be translated as evil, the bad, joker]. Durnovos participated in the assentation to the throne of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov. Durnovos had lands in various provinces, including Penza. After the death of Colonel Alexey Danilovich Durnovo land was owned by his cousin Nikolay Dmitrievich Durnovo (1725-1816), the general-in-chief, Senator, Commander of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky and St. Vladimir of 1 degree. He served in the prestigious Semenov Life Guards regiment. In 1765 he was sent on a special mission into the small town of Yaitsky where he was severely beaten by rebellious Cossacks. On recovery, he was transferred into supply division with the rank of a brigadier. By 1783 he have risen to the rank of lieutenant-general, and in 8 years he was managing military commissariat department and obtained the title of 'senator' while becoming a member of the Military Collegium. Under his ownership Abashevo was 887 people strong. From Nikolay Dmitrievich Durnovo land passed to Alexei Mikhailovich Durnovo, grandson Alexei Danilovich Durnovo, who have eventually sold the village to Second-Major Sergey Andreevich Arapov (1765-1837).


The village owned Second Major Sergey Andreevich Arapov. In 1837 the wooden church of St. Nicholas was rebuilt. In 1883 built a new St. Nicholas Church. In 1838 he bought the estate staff-captain Platon Ivanovich Pukalov. By 1840 he transferred the management of Abashevo to his proxy Lieutenant Michael Andrianovich Lachinov. In 1877 parish center of Narovchat district counted 218 households, about half of the residents were ‘’Old Believers’’ Beglopopovtsy, and only by the 1892 the single-faith community was formed.


Abashevo is one of the centers of pottery in the Penza province. I the year of 1902 form total number of 264 households 200 of them were recorded as pottery makers. Since the mid-19th century in addition to utilitarian pottery, Abashevo began production of clay toys and whistles that received wide acclaim. During 1958 excavation on the southern outskirts of the village 20 graves of ancient Mordovians-Moksha were discovered.


Abashevo, Penza Oblast Wikipedia

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