Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Aab e hayat (Azad)

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Originally published  1880
Preceded by  Pir-e-Kamil
Author  Muhammad Husain Azad
Aab-e hayat (Azad) t3gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9GcQAPwtxb7fOFz0Onz
Similar  Pir‑e‑Kamil, Shehr‑e‑Zaat, Raja Gidh, Amar Bail, Khaak aur Khoon

Aab-e hayat (Urdu: آبِ حیات, lit. water of life) is a commentary (or tazkira) on Urdu poetry written by Muhammad Husain Azad in 1880. The book was described as "canon-forming" and "the most often reprinted, and most widely read, Urdu book of the past century."

Aab-e hayat became the single most influential source for both anecdotes and historical theories about Urdu poetry. Its second edition in 1883 was incorporated into the official curriculum at Punjab University and several other schools.

It provides an important perspective on the origin of Urdu:

"Although the tree of Urdu grew in the ground of Sanskrit and Bhasha, it has flowered in the breezes of Persian. .. .. there is usually some one place for establishing its genuineness and its goodness or badness, as for coins there is a mint. What is the reason that, in the beginning, Delhi was the mint of the language? The reason is that it was the seat of government. Only at the court were the hereditary nobility and the sons of the élite scholars in their own right. Their gatherings brought together people of learning and accomplishment, and through their auspicious influence made their temperaments the mold of the art and refinement and subtlety and wit of everything. Thus conversation, dress, courtesy and manners, .."


Aab-e hayat (Azad) Wikipedia

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