| ATP6V1B2, ATP6B1B2, ATP6B2, HO57, VATB, VPP3, Vma2, ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit B2, DOOD, ZLS2|
MGI: 109618 HomoloGene: 1279 GeneCards: ATP6V1B2
V-type proton ATPase subunit B, brain isoform is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ATP6V1B2 gene.
This gene encodes a component of vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase), a multisubunit enzyme that mediates acidification of eukaryotic intracellular organelles. V-ATPase dependent organelle acidification is necessary for such intracellular processes as protein sorting, zymogen activation, receptor-mediated endocytosis, and synaptic vesicle proton gradient generation. V-ATPase is composed of a cytosolic V1 domain and a transmembrane V0 domain. The V1 domain consists of three A, three B, and two G subunits, as well as a C, D, E, F, and H subunit. The V1 domain contains the ATP catalytic site. The protein encoded by this gene is one of two V1 domain B subunit isoforms and is the only B isoform highly expressed in osteoclasts.
In melanocytic cells ATP6V1B2 gene expression may be regulated by MITF.