| ATP6V0D1, ATP6D, ATP6DV, P39, VATX, VMA6, VPATPD, ATPase H+ transporting V0 subunit d1|
MGI: 1201778 HomoloGene: 3444 GeneCards: ATP6V0D1
V-type proton ATPase subunit d 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ATP6V0D1 gene.
This gene encodes a component of vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase), a multisubunit enzyme that mediates acidification of eukaryotic intracellular organelles. V-ATPase dependent organelle acidification is necessary for such intracellular processes as protein sorting, zymogen activation, receptor-mediated endocytosis, and synaptic vesicle proton gradient generation. V-ATPase is composed of a cytosolic V1 domain and a transmembrane V0 domain. The V1 domain consists of three A and three B subunits, two G subunits plus the C, D, E, F, and H subunits. The V1 domain contains the ATP catalytic site. The V0 domain consists of five different subunits: a, c, c', c, and d. Additional isoforms of many of the V1 and V0 subunit proteins are encoded by multiple genes or alternatively spliced transcript variants. This encoded protein is known as the D subunit and is found ubiquitously.