Suvarna Garge

ADH5

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Species  Human
Entrez  128
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000197894
ADH5
Aliases  ADH5, ADH-3, ADHX, FALDH, FDH, GSH-FDH, GSNOR, HEL-S-60p, alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide
External IDs  MGI: 87929 HomoloGene: 68076 GeneCards: ADH5

Alcohol dehydrogenase class-3 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ADH5 gene.

This gene encodes glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase or class III alcohol dehydrogenase chi subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. Class III alcohol dehydrogenase is a homodimer composed of 2 chi subunits. It has virtually no activity for ethanol oxidation, but exhibits high activity for oxidation of long-chain primary alcohols and for oxidation of S-hydroxymethyl-glutathione, a spontaneous adduct between formaldehyde and glutathione. This enzyme is an important component of cellular metabolism for the elimination of formaldehyde, a potent irritant and sensitizing agent that causes lacrymation, rhinitis, pharyngitis, and contact dermatitis.

References

ADH5 Wikipedia


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