Harman Patil

ADAM (protein)

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ADAM (protein)

ADAMs (short for a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) are a family of transmembrane and secreted metalloendopeptidases. All ADAMs are characterized by a particular domain organization featuring a pro-domain, a metalloprotease, a disintegrin, a cysteine-rich, an epidermal-growth factor like and a transmembrane domain, as well as a C-terminal cytoplasmic tail. Nonetheless, not all human ADAMs have a functional protease domain, which indicates that their biological function mainly depends on protein–protein interactions. Those ADAMs which are active proteases are classified as sheddases because they cut off or shed extracellular portions of transmembrane proteins. For example, ADAM10 can cut off part of the HER2 receptor, thereby activating it.

ADAMs are categorized under the EC 3.4.24.46 enzyme group, and in the MEROPS peptidase family M12B. The terms adamalysin and MDC family (metalloproteinase-like, disintegrin-like, cysteine rich) have been used to refer to this family historically.

Medicine

Therapeutic ADAM inhibitors might potentiate anti-cancer therapy.

References

ADAM (protein) Wikipedia


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