Neha Patil

AC Herculis

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AC Herculis

AC Herculis, is an RV Tauri variable and spectroscopic binary star in the constellation of Hercules. It varies in brightness between apparent magnitudes 6.85 and 9.0.

AC Her is an RVa star, meaning it is an RV Tauri variable whose maximum and minimum magnitudes do not slowly vary over hundreds of days. It also is a very clear example of a common type of RV Tauri light curve where the maximum following a deep minimum is brighter than the maximum following a shallow minimum. In each period of 75 days it has two maxima and two minima.

AC Her is also a binary star, although the secondary can only be detected by its effect on the radial velocity of the primary. The invisible secondary is more massive than the supergiant primary, so the primary moves at relatively high velocity in its three years and three months orbit. The two stars are also surrounded by a dusty disc filling the region between 34 and 200 astronomical units (AU).

Little is known of the secondary star except that its mass is around 1.2 M, deduced from the mass ratio of the binary system and the modelled mass of the primary star. The primary itself is calculated to have a mass of 0.6 M, but a luminosity of 2,500 L. It is slightly cooler than the sun, although this varies by over a thousand K as the star pulsates.

The total system mass can be estimated from the dynamics of the disc, and this gives a value of 1.5 M, slightly lower than from other methods.

References

AC Herculis Wikipedia


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