Archibald Ross Colquhoun (pronounced Cul-hoon) was the first Administrator of Southern Rhodesia. He held office from 1 October 1890 – 10 September 1892 from the period of the founding of Fort Salisbury (now Harare) after the arrival of the Pioneer Column. At this time the administrator's jurisdiction covered Mashonaland only, as Matabeleland was annexed in 1893. He was also acting Chief Magistrate of Southern Rhodesia between 24 July 1891 and 18 September 1891.
Colquhoun spent much of his life travelling. In the 1880s he took part in several exploratory expeditions to Burma, Indo-China and southern China, for which he was awarded the 1884 Founder's Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society.
He left for South Africa in 1889. After his term of office as Administrator in Southern Rhodesia he settled in the United Kingdom, but continued to travel. From 1900–1901, he and his wife Ethel travelled in the Pacific —the Dutch East Indies, Borneo, Philippines, Japan — returning to England via Siberia. From 1902 to 1903, he travelled in the West Indies, Central America and the United States. During 1904 and 1905, he returned temporarily to Rhodesia.
In 1913, Colquhoun inspected the Panama Canal construction work and carried out one last mission for the Royal Colonial Institute in South America before his death on 18 December 1914.Across Chrysê: Being the Narrative of a Journey of Exploration Through the South China Border Lands from Canton to Mandalay (1883), Volume 1, Volume 2
Amongst the Shans (1885)
English policy in the Far east, 'The Times' special correspondence (1885), Volume 3
Matabeleland: the war, and our position in South Africa (1894)
"China in Transformation with maps and diagrams" (1898), Harper & Bros edition. (New edition, British library, 2011 ISBN 9781241231699).
The Key of the Pacific (1898)
Overland to China (1900)
Colquhoun, Archibald R. (Archibald Ross) (1900). The problem in China and British policy London: King. -University of Hong Kong Libraries, Digital Initiatives, China Through Western Eyes
Greater America (1904)
The Africander Land (1906)
Dan to Beersheba: Work and Travel in Four Continents (1908)