Rahul Sharma (Editor)

9th (Scottish) Division

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Country  United Kingdom
Type  Infantry
Branch  British Army
Size  Division
9th (Scottish) Division wwwnavalmilitarypresscomimagesT5368jpg

Active  21 August 1914 – 16 March 1919
Engagements  World War I Battle of Loos Battle of the Somme Capture of Longueval Battle of Le Transloy Battle of Arras (1917) Battle of Passchendaele Ludendorff Offensive Battle of Messines Battle of Bailleul Battle of Kemmel Ridge Battle of Scherpenberg Battle of the Lys Salient Fourth Battle of Ypres Battle of Courtrai Battle of Ooteghem

The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the First World War.


After the 1st South African Infantry Brigade Group joined in early 1916, the division was known colloquially as the Jock and Springboks.

Unit history

In the Battle of Loos, notable for being the first battle in which British forces used poison gas, the 9th (Scottish) Division assaulted the Hohenzollern Redoubt, the 5th Camerons suffered horrific casualties, and Corporal James Dalgleish Pollock gained a Victoria Cross for his actions.

The 9th (Scottish) Division took part in major fighting during the Somme offensive. Notably it relieved the 30th Division at Montauban and later attacked German positions at Bernafay Wood, where it succeeded in capturing vital objectives and forcing a German withdrawal. In the Somme offensive, the 9th (Scottish)) Division liberated the village of Longueval, the village now has a statue of a Scottish piper at its crossroads that commemorates this fact and also other pipers who served in World War I.


The division comprised the following brigades:

26th Brigade
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
  • 7th (Service) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, Duke of Albany's)
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders
  • 5th (Service) Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
  • 27th Brigade
  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 12th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
  • 28th Brigade

    The 28th Brigade was broken up in May 1916 and replaced with 28th (South African) Brigade.

  • 6th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
  • 1st Battalion, Royal Newfoundland Regiment September 1918 - March 1919
  • 1st South African Brigade

    Replaced 28th Brigade in May 1916.

  • 1st Battalion, South African Infantry
  • 2nd Battalion, South African Infantry
  • 3rd Battalion, South African Infantry
  • 4th Battalion, South African Infantry
  • Pioneers
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (Rosshire Buffs, The Duke of St. Albany's)
  • General Officers Commanding

    Commanders have included:

  • 27 August 1914 – 11 October 1914 Major-General Colin Mackenzie
  • 26 October 1914 – 31 December 1914 Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Fergusson
  • 21 January 1915 – 8 September 1915 Major-General Herman Landon
  • 8–26 September 1915 Major-General George Thesiger
  • 28 September 1915 – 2 December 1916 Major-General William Furse
  • 2 December 1916 – 4 March 1918 Major-General Henry Lukin
  • 13–16 March 1918 Major-General Cyril Blacklock
  • 28 March 1918–1919 Major-General Hugh Tudor
  • References

    9th (Scottish) Division Wikipedia