AfricaConstruction is completed on Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo (the world's oldest Islamic university).
AsiaA major volcano erupts in Mashu, Japan.
EuropeA devastating decade-long famine begins in France.
The oldest preserved document (by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor) mentions Leibnitz in Styria (Austria).
Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire, from a massive barbarian invasion.
Eric the Victorious becomes the first king of Sweden.
Skagul Toste demands that the English pay the very first danegeld.
AsiaJanuary 23 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao, by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops. The Southern Han State is forced to submit to the Song dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army, that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.
late spring – Battle of Alexandretta: The Byzantines defeat a Fatimid force of 4,000 near Alexandretta, forcing the main Fatimid army, which had been besieging Antioch, to withdraw.
EuropeKenneth II of Scotland succeeds Culen as king, though he will not be sole king until 977.
Saint Swithun's body is moved into an indoor shrine (he was previously buried outside). The ceremony is said to have been marred by 40 days of torrential rain.
Battle of Dorostolon: Basileus John Tzimisces defeats Sviatoslav I of Kiev, in the Fifth Rus'-Byzantine War.
Bulgarian emperor Boris II abdicates in Constantinople, and John Tzimisces announces the annexation of Bulgaria. That event leads to an almost 50-year Byzantine-Bulgarian war, until the fall of Bulgaria.
AfricaBuluggin ibn Ziri is appointed viceroy in Ifriqiya, starting the Zirid Dynasty.
EuropeThe city of Satu Mare, Romania is founded.
Otto II marries Theophanu, Byzantine princess.
Battle of Cedynia: Polish duke Mieszko I defeats the Germans.
Boleslaus II the Pious succeeds Boleslav I in Bohemia.
The monastery at the site of Peterborough Cathedral is rebuilt.
Emperor John Tzimisces makes eastern Bulgaria a Byzantine dependency.
A battle between Estonian and Icelandic Vikings in Saaremaa is described in Njál's saga.
Yaropolk of Kiev succeeds Sviatoslav I in Kiev.
ReligionPope Benedict VI succeeds Pope John XIII as pope.
Saint Eadburga is canonized.
AfricaThe Fatimids move their capital to Cairo.
EuropeEdgar of England is crowned king by Saint Dunstan.
Lothian is ceded to Scotland by England, in return for fealty from the King of Scotland, Kenneth II.
Otto II becomes Holy Roman Emperor and King of Germany.
ReligionJanuary 19 – Pope Benedict VI succeeds Pope John XIII, as the 134th pope.
AfricaThe Carmathians are defeated in Egypt by Jawhar as-Siqilli; Fatimid rule is consolidated there.
An offensive, by the Spain-based Umayyads, brings the Maghribi Idrissid dynasty to an end.
AsiaThe Byzantine Empire retakes Syria (including Aleppo) from the Abbasids.
Al-Ta'i succeeds Al-Muti as Abbasid caliph of Baghdad.
Fuzhou builds new city walls.
The Liao Dynasty exchanges ambassadors with the Song Dynasty.
In their offensive against the Southern Tang state, the Song Dynasty Chinese create and defend a long floating pontoon bridge across the Yangzi River, to secure military supply lines traveling to the other side.
EuropeA great earthquake in England.
ReligionOctober – Pope Benedict VII succeeds Pope Benedict VI, as the 135th pope.
Antipope Boniface VII is declared pope.
The Benedictine Abbey in England is founded.
An abbey is founded at the site of Mönchengladbach.
AfricaAl-Azhar University is founded in Cairo, Egypt (the second oldest university in the world).
AsiaEmperor Taizu of Song conquers Hunan Province.
The Southern Tang Kingdom is conquered by the Song Dynasty.
Al-Aziz becomes Fatimid Caliph.
EuropeKing Edward the Martyr is crowned in England.
Byzantine EmpireJanuary 10 – Basil II becomes Eastern Roman Emperor (see Byzantine Emperors).
AsiaThe Yuelu Academy is founded, during the early Song Dynasty of China.
Zhang Sixun, a Chinese astronomer and engineer, employs the use of liquid mercury, in order that the escapement mechanism of his astronomical clock can function, and metal parts will not rust by using hydraulics (water), or freeze in winter.
EuropeBrian Boru is inaugurated as King of Munster.
Samuil of Bulgaria starts his reign as Tsar.
Leopold of Babenberg is appointed as Margrave of Austria. The Babenberg family rules Austria until 1246.
AsiaThe original Imam Ali Mosque is built at Najaf, Iraq by the Buyid ruler 'Adud al-Dawla.
The Hamdanid emir Sa'd al-Dawla recovers his capital, Aleppo, from the ghulam Bakjur, who receives the governorship of Homs as compensation.
EuropeSaint Æthelwold of Winchester, Bishop of Winchester, rebuilds the western end of the Old Minster, Winchester, with twin towers and no apses.
German emperor Otto II grants Lower Lorraine, where modern-day Brussels is located, to Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, illegitimate son of King Louis IV of France.
King Kenneth II of Scotland kills Amlaíb, brother of King Culen, to establish himself as Culen's successor.
AsiaThe Wu-Yue State is forced to surrender to the Chinese Song Dynasty.
One of the Four Great Books of Song, the Tàipíng guǎngjì is a Chinese encyclopedia documenting various stories of Chinese myths and subjects of theology. Divided into 500 volumes, it consists of over 3 million written Chinese characters.
EuropeBadìa Fiorentina, an abbey in Florence, Italy, is founded by Willa, Margravine of Tuscany.
Ethelred II becomes king of England at age 10, following the assassination of his half-brother King Edward the Martyr.
The revolt of Henry II, Duke of Bavaria against Otto II ends.
England's royal mint is located at Guildford.
AfricaJawhar as-Siqilli is dismissed as Vizir of Egypt, and replaced by Yaqub ibn Killis.
AsiaMarch 24 – Battle of Pankalia: a combined Byzantine–Georgian force defeats Bardas Sklerus, an organizer of the large-scale rebellion in the Byzantine Empire's Asian provinces.
The Song dynasty destroys the Northern Han State.
August 1 – Battle of Gaoliang River: The Liao dynasty defeats Song dynasty forces near present-day Beijing.
EuropeThe city of Brussels is founded as a 'castrum' on an island, on the river Senne (Brabant, Belgium).
Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man, is founded. It remains active as the longest continuous parliament in the world.
Mar Abdisho I, Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East, held position 963–986
Eric the Red (950–1003), Norse Explorer
Richard I of Normandy (933–996), Duke of Normandy, r. 942–996
Mieszko I of Poland (945?–992), Duke of Poland, r. c.960–992
Vladimir of Kiev (958-1015), Kievan Prince and future Grand Prince of Kievan Rus