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87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot

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87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot

The 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1793 and amalgamated into the Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) in 1881.

Contents

History

The regiment was raised in 1793 as the 87th (The Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot, taking its title from George, Prince of Wales, later modifying its title to 87th (The Prince of Wales's Own Irish) Regiment of Foot, then to 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot following the Prince's accession to the throne. The regiment was raised by General Sir John Doyle, 1st Baronet, who was at the time a 37-year-old Dublin-born veteran of the American Revolutionary War and became the first colonel of the regiment.

The 87th were famous for being the first British Regiment to capture a French Imperial Eagle during the Peninsular War. At the Battle of Barrosa on 5 March 1811, Ensign Edward Keogh and Sergeant Patrick Masterson captured the Eagle of the 8th Ligne. Keogh only managed to get a hand on the shaft when he was shot and bayoneted. He was killed instantly. Masterson had followed his officer and after killing several men he wrenched the Eagle from the dying hands of its bearer, Lieutenant Gazan.

It was bugler Paddy Shannon of the 2nd Battalion of the 87th Regiment of Foot who "picked up" Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan's baton after the battle of Vittoria. Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington sent the baton to George the Prince Regent, who in return awarded Wellington the rank and baton of Field Marshal.

Battle honours

Battle honours won by the regiment were:

  • Napoleonic Wars: Monte Video
  • Peninsular War: Talavera, Barrosa, Tarifa, Vittoria, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula
  • First Anglo-Burmese War: Ava
  • Colonels of the Regiment

    Colonels of the Regiment were:

    87th (The Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot

  • 1796–1834: Gen. Sir John Doyle, Bt, GCB, KC
  • 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot - (1827)

  • 1834–1841: Lt-Gen. Sir Thomas Reynell, Bt, KCB
  • 1841–1855: F.M. Sir Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, KT, GCB, GCSI
  • 1855–1863: Gen. Sir James Simpson, GCB
  • 1863–1864: F.M. Lord William Paulet, GCB
  • 1864–1870: Gen. Thomas Henry Johnston
  • 1870–1881: Gen. Sir Charles Hastings Doyle, KCMG
  • References

    87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot Wikipedia


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