Trisha Shetty (Editor)

85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders), CEF

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Active  1915–1919
Allegiance  British Empire
Anniversaries  April 9, 1917
Country  Canada
Branch  Infantry
85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders), CEF
Motto(s)  Siol na Fear Fearail (The Breed of Manly Men)

The 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders), CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Great War Canadian Expeditionary Force. The 85th Battalion was authorized on 14 September 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 12 October 1916. Disembarking in France on 10 February 1917, it fought as part of the 12th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion disbanded on 15 September 1920. The Battalion is most famous for capturing Hill 145 in their first battle. Today, the Vimy Memorial stands on Hill 145.


The 85th Battalion recruited throughout Nova Scotia and was mobilized at Halifax.

The king's and regimental colours of the battalion are laid up in Government House in Halifax.

Commanding Officers

The 85th Battalion had six Officers Commanding:

  • LCol A.H. Borden, 12 October 1916 – 6 July 1917
  • Maj J.L. Ralston, DSO, 31 July 1917 – 11 September 1917
  • LCol A.H. Borden, 11 September 1917 – 26 April 1918
  • LCol J.L. Ralston, CMG, DSO, 26 April 1918 – 23 October 1918
  • Maj J.M. Miller, DSO, MC, 23 October 1918 – 19 November 1918
  • LCol J.L. Ralston, CMG, DSO, 19 November 1918-Demobilization
  • The 85th Battalion was awarded the following battle honours:

  • ARRAS, 1917, '18
  • Vimy, 1917
  • YPRES 1917
  • Passchendaele
  • Scarpe, 1918
  • Amiens
  • Drocourt-Quéant
  • Hindenburg Line
  • Canal du Nord
  • Valenciennes
  • The 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders), CEF is perpetuated by The Cape Breton Highlanders.

    Works cited

  • Hayes, Joseph (1920). The Eighty-Fifth Canadian Infantry Battalion Nova Scotia Highlanders in France and Flanders. Halifax: Royal Print & Litho Limited. 
  • References

    85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders), CEF Wikipedia

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