The 83rd Pennsylvania was a volunteer infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. They participated in almost every major battle in the East, including Seven Days Battles, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Petersburg and Appomattox Court House.
As one of four regiments in the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, they fought alongside the 20th Maine, 44th New York, and the 16th Michigan in the spirited defense of Little Round Top in which regiment commander Colonel Strong Vincent was mortally wounded.
The 83rd Pennsylvania suffered the second-highest number of battle deaths among Union Army infantry regiments during the war, behind only the 5th New Hampshire.
Future Medal of Honor recipient Leander Herron served in the 83rd Pennsylvania from December 1863 to June 1865.