6th of October (Egyptian Arabic: السادس من أكتوبر El Sādis Min Uktōber; colloquially known as ستة أكتوبر Seta Uktober) is a city in Giza Governorate, a satellite town and part of the urban area of Cairo, Egypt, 32 km (20 miles) outside the city. It has a population ranging between some 185,000 in the city to an estimated 500,000 inhabitants in the wider area.
6th of October was the capital of the now defunct 6th of October Governorate. A new city in the desert, it hosts Egyptian students and students from various countries, such as the Gulf, Jordan, and the Palestinian territories, who study at its private universities.
The settlement was established in 1979 by the 504th presidential decree of Egyptian president Anwar El Sadat. It is 17 km from the great pyramids of Giza and 32 km from downtown Cairo. The city has a total area of 119.2 thousand acres and, eventually, is expected to have 6 million inhabitants, although there are many unoccupied or incomplete buildings.
It was announced as the capital of the 6th of October Governorate in April 2008. Following the governorate's dissolution in April 2011, in the wake of the Egyptian revolution, it was reincorporated into the Giza Governorate, to which it had originally belonged.
The city's name commemorates the commencement of the October War on 6 October 1973, the same date chosen as Egypt's Armed Forces Day.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). Its climate is very similar to Giza and Cairo, owing to its proximity to them.
6th of October is the headquarters of the Confederation of African Football. It hosts Egypt's Smart Village, the technology park and regional hub for many companies in the IT and financial sectors.
6th of October City has one of the largest industrial zones in Egypt on which the entire city is established. The industrial zone provides jobs for employees within the city as well as from other parts of Giza. It is accompanied by a banking sector that groups branches of all banks in Egypt in an area that is close to the industrial area to serve the needs of the industry and residents.
Some of the largest businesses in 6th of October City are mentioned below:Bavarian Auto Group
Coldwell Banker New Homes
Egyptian German Automotive Company
General Motors Egypt
Shaer Consult Consultant Engineers
Stream Global Services
6th of October houses four industrial zones.
Important factories:IGA Egyptian-German Car Factory
Juhayna Food Industries
Daewoo Motors Egypt
Style Team Lighting
Franke Kitchen Systems Egypt
Aller Aqua Factory
There are seven private universities in 6th of October City, including two private medical schools at Misr University for Science and Technology and October 6 University.Ahram Canadian University (ACU)
Akhbar El Youm Academy
Cairo University (CU) in Sheikh Zayed City
Culture & Science City
Higher Institute of Applied Arts
Higher Institute for Architecture
Higher Institute of Engineering
Higher Institute of Science and Technology
Higher Technological Institute
Misr University for Science and Technology (MUST)
Modern Sciences and Arts University (MSA)
Nile University (NU)
New Giza University (NGU)
October 6 University (O6U)
Zewail City of Science and Technology
American International School in Egypt West Campus - Sheikh Zayed City
British International School in Cairo
International School of Choueifat 6th of October City
Heritage International School
The city has several teaching, public, and private hospitals as well as many smaller clinics.Dar Al Fouad Hospital, the first accredited cardiac hospital in Africa and the Middle East
Misr University for Science and Technology (Souad Kafafi Memorial) Hospital
October 6 University Teaching Hospital
Al Safwa Hospital
Sheikh Zayed Central Hospital
Sheikh Zayed Specialized Hospital
Al Zohor Hospital
Hilton Pyramids Golf Resort
Mövenpick Hotel & Casino Cairo - Media City
Sheraton Dreamland Hotel & Conference Center
Swiss Inn Pyramids Golf Resort & Swiss Inn Plaza
6th of October Airport is used for the transport of products and materials to and from the city.
The city has a wide variety of entertainment and leisure activities for families and individuals.
There are eight mega malls (four under construction), as well as many small malls and centers with an average of three for each city.Cairo Gate (under construction)
City scape Mall
City Stars 6th of October (under construction)
Dandy Mega Mall
Mall Of Arabia - Cairo
Mall of Egypt (under construction, due 2015)
Unknown Porto October Mall (under Construction, due 2017)
6th of October has 10 cinema complexes, 4 of which are under construction.Cityscape Cinemas
Dandy Mega Mall Cinemas
Galaxy Cineplex - Mall of Arabia
Good News - MUST
Good News - Sheikh Zayed (under construction, due 2014)
IMAX Theater in Plaza Cinemas
Mall of Egypt Cinemas (under construction, due 2015)
Ramw Mall Cinemas (under construction, due 2014)
There are nine sporting clubs (with one under construction).6 October Club
Black Ball Club
Egyptian Shooting Club - October
Engineering Syndicate Club
Lawyers Syndicate Club
Wadi Degla - 6 October Rawda
Wadi Degla - 6 October (under construction, due 2013)
Pegasus Club - 6 October
The city has two paintball fields (Adrenaline Paintball and KEE Action Park). There are two amusement parks: Dream Park and Mega Park (under construction). Camp X-treme is a team building venue, family picnic park and camping facility for kids and adults.
The city is served by many mosques, the largest being El Hosary Mosque on El Tahrir St.
There are several churches in 6th of October. The most famous of them is St. Mary and St. Merkurious Church.