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Victoria pinget (He becomes more beautiful with victory)
The 5th Dragoon Regiment (5e Régiment de Dragons or 5e RD) is a cavalry unit of the French Army, created under the Ancien Régime in 1656 and reactivated in 2015. This regiment has a double heritage.
1656–59: La Fronde
1667–68: Spanish War of Devolution
Flanders Campaign: Senef 1674, Battle of Cassel (1677)
War of the League of Augsburg: Siege of Namur, Steenkerque 1692, Neerwinden 1693
War of the Spanish Succession: Spire 1703, Ramillies 1706, Lorch 1707, Malplaquet 1709
War of the Austrian Succession: Rocoux 1746, Lauffeld 1747
Seven Years' War: Hastenbeck 1757
French Army of the North: Valmy 1792, Neerwinden 1793 and Wattignies 1793
Ardennes and Sambre-et-Meuse Armies 1794–95
Army of Italy: Mondovì, Castiglione, Bassano 1796, Cremona 1799, Marengo 1800
5th Dragoon Regiment (France) Wikipedia
As part of Napoleon's Grande Armée it fought at Wertingen, Auterlitz in 1805, Nasielsk in 1806, Eylau, and the Battle of Friedland in 1807.Spain: Almonacid, 1809, Ocana 1809, Battle of Vitoria
War of the Sixth Coalition: Battle of Craonne, Battle of La Fère-Champenoise 1814
In 1815, during the Waterloo campaign of the Hundred Days, the regiment was at the Battle of Ligny and the Battle of Waterloo.Spain 1823
Army of the Rhine (France): Spicheren, Borny, Rezonville, Noiseville, Colombey 1870.
On July 31, 1914, the regiment was assigned to the Sordet cavalry corps, brigaded with the 21st Dragoons in General Lastour's 5th Division. In August, it participated in the raid on Belgium which led to the siege of Liège, then Neufchâteau, Fleurus and Orbais, and then was back in France in Maubeuge on August 21. From August 23 to September 4, the regiment covered the retreat of the French Army after the defeat at the Battle of Charleroi. The regiment was near Versailles on September 5. In the First Battle of the Marne, from September 5 to 14, the 5th Dragoons were engaged in Betz, Nanteuil, Margny, Rosière and Senlis. Following these successes, the regiment received the honour of adding "L'Ourcq 1914" on its banner.
In the "Race to the Sea" from September 14, the 5th Dragoons crossed the Somme at Péronne, fighting in the First Battle of Arras, Picardy, in Lens on October 4, an attack by foot in Riez-Bailleul where it pushed the enemy back several kilometres. On November 11, it arrived near Ypres, where it dug in the trenches.
In February 1915, the regiment embarked for Champagne, then in March for the Vosges, where it has the honour of inscribing "Vosges 1915" on its banner. In May, the 5th Dragoon is in Amiens, in June in Artois where it goes back to serving in the trenches.
1916: The regiment still serves in the trenches, in groups of 200 men. Colonel Massiat replace Colonel Dauve at the commandment of the regiment.
1917: On March 19, the 5th Dragoon reaches Noyon, where it is employed in discovery missions in the surroundings of Chauny-Tergnier and then, by foot, goes back in the trenches in the Coucy sector. On August 15, Lieutenant-Colonel Bucant succeeds to Colonel Massiat.
1918: Until the end of May, the regiment remains inactive, stationed for rest. On March 18, a new change in the corps commandment brings Lieutement-Colonel Letexerant at the head of the 5th Dragoon.
On May 28, the regiment brings itself towards Meaux, after a long horse march. The 5th Dragoon sets foot in Mareuil and occupies Montigny. On June 2, it attacks the enemy by foot in Marizy and Passy-en-Valois. This surprise attack, without artillery preparation, stops the progression of German troops. In July, in Villesaint, the Germans, who had taken over Dermans and Château-Tierry and has crossed the Marne are driven back, after several counter-attacks, by-foot members of the 5th Dragoon. On July 17, the regiment participates in the recapture of Œuilly and to the enemy's rejection on the Marne. The Second Battle of the Marne is won and the banner now bears the name of that victory: "La Marne 1918". The Germans are retreating and the 5th Dragoon is informed of the victory a few kilometres before Nancy on November 11, 1918.
The 5th Dragoon Regiment participated in the final offensive, entering the Palatinate on December 6 and was stationed in Pirmasens from December to January 1919, then in Landau in February, then Nierstein Oppenhiem on the Rhine in July 1919. In September, the regiment settles in Worms, then Düsseldorf. It was not until 1925 that the 5th Dragoon returned to France, first in Auxonne and then in Gray, where it was disbanded on October 28, 1928.
In November 1929 the regimental banner was entrusted to the 5e Battaillon de dragons portés, a unit that had just been created, on March 9, 1929, replacing the 6e groupe de Chasseurs Cyclistes.
In 1939 the 5e bataillon de dragons portés was transformed into the "5th Dragoon Regiment". As part of the 1st Cavalry Division it embarked for Aisne on August 27. Following a reorganization in 1940 it passed in the 11th B.L.M. of the Arras General in February. On May 10, it is in Revin, crossed over the Meuse in Dinan and foght in Belgium until May 15, where it participated in the beautiful feat of arms of Morville which allowed the banner to bear the inscription "Meuse 1940". Significantly diminished, the remaining elements pulled back and took position 4 km (2.5 mi) from Hirson, after which they regrouped in Le Nouvion on May 16. On May 17, they settle as support in Oisy. On May 18, what remained of the regiment, 10 officers and 130 brigadiers and dragoons carrying about 5 cartridges each, withdraw in Bohain. While moving, they were intercepted by German tanks. After this last combat with no ammunition left, they remaining elements were taken prisoner. The survivors and the regimentary batch withdraw in la Souterraine, where the regiment is disbanded. The banner was taken from the Germans and hidden in the castle of Meyrieu, where it remained until the Libération. Following the model of the armistice army, the regiment was reformed in Mâcon in August 1940. On November 8, 1942, following the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa, the regiment was sent to Toulon to participate in coastal defence, which lasted 10 days. Under Case Anton, the Germans occupied Vichy France and the regiment was disarmed at Macon on September 27.
Most of the demobilized fight in clandestinely. Many of them, arrested by the Gestapo are tortured, massacred or die in deportation. Their sacrifice allows for the inscription "Résistance Bourgogne 1944" on their banner. The 5th in resistance participation to the liberation of Mâcon, Chalon-sur-Saône and Autun. In September 1944, reconstituted in G.R.D., it holds the sector of the Beaufortin in the Alps and fights in the Unbaye. On April 22 and 23, 1944, it takes the La Roche-la-Croix and Saint-Ours forts and participates in the capture of the Col de Larche. On Easter Monday of 1945 in Chambéry, General de Gaulle gives the banner back to the regiment. The 5th Dragoon is transformed into two squadrons of Hotchkiss tanks and two of de-reconnaissance on Bren Carriers.1945: Early September, the regiment leaves Chambéry for the surroundings of l'Arbois to receive complementary material. On September 8, 1945, it leaves its quarters for Austria. On November 8, it is reviewed by General Betouard in Dornbirn then moves towards West Tyrol on November 10. The squadrons settle in Lemoos, Ehrwald, Muhl, the headquarters and the EHR in Reutte.
1955: After five years of living in Austria, the 5th Dragoon goes back to France and settles in Périgueux where it is transformed into a medium Sherman tank regiment. On February 1, the regiment is transformed into an Instruction Center for the Armored Arm and Cavalry branch for units engaged in French North Africa. It is disbanded in 1964. On September 5, 1955, an infantry-type battalion is created with officers of the 5th Dragoon. This unit, assambled at the Ruchart Campt takes the name of "Dragoon Battalion 2/342". It lands in Casablanca on October 10 and stations East of Rabat.
1956: In January, the 2/342 moves on Touissit, South of Oujda to ensure the protection of the Algeria-Morocco border between Oujda and Figuig. On March 1, it becomes the 21st Dragoon Regiment.
1964–1978: On June 1, 1964, the 7th Chasseur Regiment of Africa in Friedrichaffen takes the name of 5th Dragoon Regiment. Il is equipped with AMX-13 and AMX SS-11 tanks. In 1968, it holds a garrison in Tübingen until it is disbanded on August 31, 1978.
1978–2003: On September 1, 1978, the 5th Dragoon is reborn in Valdahon as an AMX-30B combat tank regiment, replacing the disbanded 30th Dragoon.
In 1991, it is part of the 7th Regional Military Division and comprises an ECS, 3 tanks squadrons with AMX 17, an instruction squadron and the lighting squadron of the armored division.
In 1992, it receives more AMX-30 B and gets another tank squadron.
In July 1994, the land army reorganization put the regiment into the 27th Mountain Infantry Division. It became the armored regiment of the division with its headquarters in Grenoble.The 5th Dragoon remains operational until the end. Its squadrons are engaged in UN peace missions in Lebanon and Bosnia as well as in missions overseas, including Guadeloupe.
In the context of the land army reorganization, the 5th Dragoon is disbanded in Valdahon on June 30, 2003.
Double heritage:1656: Foreign Dragoons of the King (Dragons étrangers du Roi)
1668: Colonel-General Regimen (Régiment Colonel-Général), formed by the duplication of the Foreign Dragoons of the King
1791: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1814: Dragoon Regiment of the Dauphin (n°3)
1815: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1816: Dragoon Regiment of the Hérault (n°5)
1825: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1929: Recreated following the traditions of the 6thgroup of cyclist chasseurs (6e groupe de chasseurs cyclistes (6th DC) and of the 5th dragoons under the name of 5th carrier dragoons battalion
1939: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1944: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1948: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1953: 5th Dragoon Regiment
1964: Disbanded and immediately recreated with elements from the 7th Chasseurs Regiment of Africa (7e Régiment de chasseurs d'Afrique (7e RCA )
2003: Disbanded on June 30, 2003.
1871–1873: Camp de Graves,Abbeville, Amiens
1873–1885: Saint Omer
1919–1925: Worms puis Düsseldorf
1925–1928: Auxonne puis Gray
1948–1951: Schwaz et Hall (Austria)
1978–2003: Le Valdahon
Colonel Generals (from 1668)1668: Antoine Nompar de Caumont, Duke of Lauzun
1669: Nicolas d'Argouges, Marquis of Rannes
1678: Louis François, duc de Boufflers
1692: René de Froulay de Tessé
1703: Antoine V de Gramont, Duke of Guiche
1704: François de Franquetot de Coigny
1734: Jean-Antoine-François de Franquetot, Count of Coigny
1748: François de Franquetot, Duke of Coigny (for the second time, in replacement of his brother, killed in a duel)
1754: Marie-Charles-Louis d'Albert de Luynes, Duke of Chevreuse
1771: François-Henri de Franquetot de Coigny, Duke of Coigny
1783: Louis-Joseph-Charles-Amable d'Albert, Duke of Luynes
1671: Gabriel de Cassagnet, Marquis of Tilladet
1681: Balthazar Phelypeaux, Count of Saint Florentin
1692: N. de Saint Mars
1694: N. Moret de Bournonville
1702: Charles Legendre de Berville
1719: N. de Préval
1727: Jean Toussaint de La Pierre, Marquis of Frémeur
1744: Gédéon Marie Léopold, Marquis of Goyon
1748: Charles Marie Léopold, Count of Dunois
1758: Marie Jean Louis Riquet, Chevalier of Caraman
1769: Louis-Joseph-Charles-Amable d'Albert, Duke of Luynes
1771: Jean-Philippe de Franquetot, Chevalier of Coigny
1780: Jean Jacob, Baron of Coëhorn
1784: Antoine Louis de La Vieuville, Marquis of Wignacourt
1786: Hugues Hyacinthe-Timoléon, Duke of Cossé
1788: Pierre Charles, Count of Seuil
1791: Joachim Charton
1792: Auguste Marie Henri Picot, Marquis of Dampierre
1793: Pierre Joseph Le Cler, dit Verdet
1796: Jean Baptiste Milhaud
1800: Louis Bonaparte
1803: Ythier Sylvain Privé
1804: Jacques Nicolas, Baron Lacour
1808: Louis Ernest Joseph, Count of Sparre
1815: Canavas de Saint-Amand
1815: Borie de Vintimille
1816: de Calvières
1818: de Hanache
1830: de Lafitte
1843: de Solliers
1903: Granier de Cassagnac
1910: de Lallemand du Marais
1929: de Causans
1934: de Saint-Laumer
1938: Drand de Villers
1940: Chavannes de Dalmassy
1944: de La Ferté Senectère
1945: de Legue de Keplean
1946: de Coulanges
1952: Brute de Remur
1954: Jouslin de Noray
1959: de Chasteignier
1972: de la Follye de Joux
1995: de Quatrebarbes
1997: de La Bretoigne
1999–2001: Colonel MARTIAL
2001–2003: Colonel ESPARBES
It bears, sewed in golden letters in its layers, the following inscriptions:Valmy 1792
Vosges 1915 (traditions of the 6th groupe de chasseurs cyclistes)
La Marne 1918
La Meuse 1940
Bourgogne Resistance 1944
Its tie is decorated:With the Croix de guerre 1914–1918, with 3 palms and 2 silver stars (distinctions of the 6 chasseurs cylclistes).
With the Croix de guerre 1939–1945, with 1 palm.
Fourragère, with the colours of the Croix de guerre ribbon, 1914–1918.
The first badge was designed in 1929 by Captain Lemaire. It represented an "azure star kept in a giant ivory number 5- the badge being entirely enamelled and unframed".
The last badge to be used was created in 1965. It features the model helmet from 1874, with which the Dragoons went to the front in 1914. The mane was exaggeratedly widened in order to accommodate the crowned monogram of king Louis XIV, framing the number 5. The inscription on the edging reminds us that the regiment was created in 1668 to be attached to the responsibility of the Colonel General of the Dragoons created the same year for the benefit of the famous Duke of Lauzun.