| Air-to-surface rocket|
United States military
80 pounds (36 kg)
| United States|
| 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m)|
The 5-inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket or FFAR was an American rocket developed during World War II for attack from airplanes against ground and ship targets.
5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket Wikipedia
The first FFARs were developed by the U.S. Navy and introduced in June 1943. They had a 3.5-inch diameter and a non-explosive warhead, since they were used as an aircraft-launched ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) rocket and worked by puncturing the hull. It was accurate enough for use against surface ships and land targets, but these missions required an explosive warhead. A 5-inch anti-aircraft shell was attached to the 3.5-inch rocket motor, creating the 5-Inch FFAR, which entered service in December 1943. Performance was limited because of the increased weight, limiting speed to 780 km/h (485 mph). The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, was developed to fix this flaw.
A list of aircraft that used FFAR:Douglas SBD Dauntless - dive bomber
Vought F4U Corsair - carrier based fighter