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5 Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket

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Type  Air-to-surface rocket
Used by  United States military
Weight  80 pounds (36 kg)
Place of origin  United States
Produced  1943-1945
5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket
Length  5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m)

The 5-inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket or FFAR was an American rocket developed during World War II for attack from airplanes against ground and ship targets.

Operational history

The first FFARs were developed by the U.S. Navy and introduced in June 1943. They had a 3.5-inch diameter and a non-explosive warhead, since they were used as an aircraft-launched ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) rocket and worked by puncturing the hull. It was accurate enough for use against surface ships and land targets, but these missions required an explosive warhead. A 5-inch anti-aircraft shell was attached to the 3.5-inch rocket motor, creating the 5-Inch FFAR, which entered service in December 1943. Performance was limited because of the increased weight, limiting speed to 780 km/h (485 mph). The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, was developed to fix this flaw.

A list of aircraft that used FFAR:

  • Douglas SBD Dauntless - dive bomber
  • Vought F4U Corsair - carrier based fighter
  • References

    5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket Wikipedia


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