| C10H6O4|| 190.15 g/mol|
Naphthazarin, often called 5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone or 5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione (IUPAC), is a naturally occurring organic compound with formula C
4, formally derived from 1,4-naphthoquinone through replacement of two hydrogen atoms by hydroxyl (OH) groups. It is thus one of many dihydroxynaphthoquinone structural isomers.
Naphthazarin is soluble in 1,4-dioxane from which it crystallizes as deep red needles that melt at 228−232 °C.
Naphtharazin can be prepared by condensation of 1,4-dimethoxybenzene with 2,3-dichloromaleic anhydride followed by reductive dechlorination and reoxidation.
Naphtharazin can also be obtained by oxidation of 5,8-dihydroxy-1-tetralone with manganese dioxide (MnO2).