3C 147 (B0538+498) is a compact steep-spectrum (CSS) quasar that was discovered in 1964. It is located in the constellation Auriga not far in the sky from the 5th magnitude star Omicron Aurigae.
The "distance" of a far away galaxy depends on what distance measurement you use. With a redshift of 0.545, light from this active galaxy is estimated to have taken around 5.1 billion years to reach us. But as a result of the expansion of the Universe, the present (co-moving) distance to this galaxy is about 6.4 billion light-years (1974 Mpc).
Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations have identified a complex central region that is dominated by two bright components, A and B. The separation between the two central components of the source seems to be increasing with an apparent velocity (superluminal motion) of 1.2 ± 0.4 c.
3C 147 is one of four primary calibrators used by the Very Large Array (along with 3C 48, 3C 138, and 3C 286). Visibilities of all other sources are calibrated using observed visibilities of one of these four calibrators.