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3 Puppis

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3 Puppis

3 Puppis (3 Pup) is a supergiant star in the constellation Puppis. It is a very rare A[e] supergiant, sometimes referred to as a B[e] star despite its spectral classification, and its apparent magnitude is 3.93.

3 Puppis is surrounded by a disc of circumstellar dust, which is unusual for an A-type star. It is thought to be caused by a low mass companion. The companion is calculated to be a B8III - B6V star with a mass of 5 M, and its orbit has a semi major axis of 2.3 AU. Like most B[e] stars, 3 Pup rotates rapidly, at 30% - 60% of the speed at which it would start to break apart. The disc has its inner edge only 3.8 AU from the primary star and it is suspected that deceleration of the hot primary stellar wind by the companion allows the dust to form unusually close to such a luminous star.


3 Puppis Wikipedia

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