Puneet Varma (Editor)

2 Butene

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Covid-19
Related compounds  Butane Butyne
Molar mass  56.106 g/mol
Formula  C4H8
2-Butene trans2butene trans2butene Twitter

2-Butene is an acyclic alkene with four carbon atoms. It is the simplest alkene exhibiting cis/trans-isomerism (also known as (E/Z)-isomerism); that is, it exists as two geometric isomers cis-2-butene ((Z)-2-butene) and trans-2-butene ((E)-2-butene).

2-Butene wwwchemspidercomImagesHandlerashxid4449912ampw

It is a petrochemical, produced by the catalytic cracking of crude oil or the dimerization of ethylene. Its main uses are in the production of gasoline (petrol) and butadiene, although some 2-butene is also used to produce the solvent butanone via hydration to 2-butanol followed by oxidation.

2-Butene cis2Butene 99 SigmaAldrich

The two isomers are extremely difficult to separate by distillation because of the proximity of their boiling points (~4 °C for cis and ~1 °C for trans). However, separation is unnecessary in most industrial settings, as both isomers behave similarly in most of the desired reactions. A typical industrial 2-butene mixture is 70% (Z)-2-butene (cis-isomer) and 30% (E)-2-butene (trans-isomer). Butane and 1-butene are common impurities, present at 1% or more in industrial mixtures, which also contain smaller amounts of isobutene, butadiene and butyne.

2-Butene Z2Bromo2butene 97 SigmaAldrich

Draw cis 2 butene


References

2-Butene Wikipedia


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