| C14H22O|| 253 °C|
| Low-melting colourless solid|
2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol is an organic compound with the structural formula 2,6-((CH3)3C)2C6H3OH. This colorless solid alkylated phenol and its derivatives are used industrially as UV stabilizers and antioxidants for hydrocarbon-based products ranging from petrochemicals to plastics. Illustrative of its usefulness, it prevents gumming in aviation fuels.
2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol is prepared by the reaction of phenol with isobutene catalyzed by aluminium phenoxide:
OH + 2 CH2
In this way, approximately 2.5M kg/y are produced.
2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol is a precursor to more complex compounds used as antioxidants and light-protection agents. Representative derivatives include 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl chloride (CAS# 955-01-1), 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (CAS# 88-26-6), and methyl-3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)- propionate (CAS# 6386-38-5). Such derivatives are prepared from 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol by chloromethylation and hydroxymethylation using formaldehye and alkylation with acrylic acid.
The LD50 is 9200 mg/kg, indicating a low toxicity.
2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol is covered by the U.S. Department of Transportation Code of Federal Regulations 49 CFR 172.101, Appendix B (20 Dec 2004). This substance is designated by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) as a marine pollutant.